This page focuses on families who have children from Birth to 5 years of age and includes resources on physical, mental and emotional development.Skip to search results
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Description: If you’re concerned about the development of an infant or toddler, or you suspect that a little one has a disability, this page will summarize one terrific source of help—the early intervention system in your state. Early intervention services can help infants and toddlers with disabilities or delays to learn many key skills and catch up in their development.
Description: Are you looking for information on a health condition or perhaps trying to find health services? There are lots of medical sites out there that explain conditions in terms you don’t need to be a doctor to understand. And there are sites that can help you locate healthcare services in your community.
Description: If you’re looking for information about disabilities in infants, toddlers, children, and youth with disabilities, you’ve come to the right place! The Center for Parent Information and Resources (CPIR) offers information and connections to the full spectrum of disabilities in children, including developmental delays and rare disorders. Use the links below to learn about typical developmental milestones in childhood, specific disabilities and disorders, and the...
Description: A critical part of improving developmental and educational results for children with disabilities is using effective practices in early intervention, wherever services are being provided—an agency setting, the home, and across the child’s natural environment. An impressive knowledge base of experience has been built on the delivery of early intervention services.
Description: Games and activities are more than just fun for a preschooler — they also help with physical development and early learning. Find creative activities for your preschooler in areas such as arts and crafts, cooking, music and dance, and basic academic skills.
Description: If you have a child with a disability, the need to plan for your future, as well as your child’s, is important and the time to plan is now! The reality is that something could happen at any moment to leave you or your child at risk. It could be your death, or a chronic or debilitating illness or catastrophic injury that impairs your ability to care for yourself and your child. These events cause emotional and often financial hardship, so why not create a plan now while you can be...
Description: Visual Aids for learning develops images to streamline and support learning; empowering people to participate and achieve success and independence. The aim of Visual Aids for Learning is to improve the independence and self esteem of all people with learning difficulties. The resources have been developed in consultation with teachers trained in early childhood, primary school, high school and speech therapy. Free Sequences and Free Packs (including Adolescent Boy and Adolescent Girl packs) are...
Description: Simple toys and tools can engage children as they explore natural phenomena in ways that will support their later science learning. Adults who allow children to play and work through small difficulties by themselves support children as they build an understanding of how the world works.
Description: This includes 10 tips for parents to support their child's science learning.
Description: Teachers can create opportunities for young children to expand their understandings of scientific concepts and science inquiry during play. (NAEYC)
Description: Aprendizaje PRÁCTICO en Casa (Hands-On Learning at Home), Inventario de Aptitudes Para la Resolución de Problemas en Casa (Home Inventory of Problem Solving Skills, Matriz de Comunicación Especial para Padres (the Communication Matrix Especially for Parents)
Description: Parenting is hard work! But it can also be fun and rewarding. There are many things you can do to help build a safe, stable, and nurturing relationship with your child. This website will help you handle some common parenting challenges, so you can be a more confident parent and enjoy helping your child grow. Topics covered include: Communicating with Your Child, Creating Structure and Rules, Giving Directions, Using Discipline and Consequences, Using Time-Out, Practice Parenting Skills and...
Description: It’s important to know what to expect as your baby grows, because hearing problems can delay the development of voice, speech, and language skills. The checklist below presents the average age by which most babies accomplish a variety of early speech and language skills. Typically, a child may not accomplish all the items in an age category until he or she reaches the upper age in the age range. (National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders, NIDCD)
Description: Es importante saber qué esperar durante el desarrollo del bebé porque los problemas de audición pueden demorar el desarrollo de las habilidades de la voz, el habla y el lenguaje. La siguiente lista presenta la edad promedio en que la mayoría de los bebés manifiestan las primeras destrezas del habla y lenguaje. Por lo general, el niño no poseerá todas las habilidades mencionadas en cada etapa hasta que cumpla la mayoría de edad de cada una...
Description: The first 3 years of life, when the brain is developing and maturing, is the most intensive period for acquiring speech and language skills. These skills develop best in a world that is rich with sounds, sights, and consistent exposure to the speech and language of others. There appear to be critical periods for speech and language development in infants and young children when the brain is best able to absorb language. If these critical periods are allowed to pass without exposure to language,...
Description: El habla y el idioma son las herramientas que los seres humanos usan para comunicar o intercambiar pensamientos, ideas y emociones. El idioma es el conjunto de reglas, compartido por los individuos que se están comunicando, que les permite intercambiar esos pensamientos, ideas o emociones. El habla es la conversación, una de las formas de expresar el idioma. El idioma también puede expresarse mediante la escritura, el lenguaje a señas o los gestos, en el caso de las...
Description: The development of communication skills begins in infancy, before the emergence of the first word. Any speech or language problem is likely to have a significant effect on the child's social and academic skills and behavior. The earlier a child's speech and language problems are identified and treated, the less likely it is that problems will persist or get worse. Early speech and language intervention can help children be more successful with reading, writing, schoolwork, and interpersonal...
Description: El desarrollo de las destrezas de comunicación comienza en la infancia, antes de hablar la primera palabra. Todo problema de habla o de lenguaje puede tener un efecto significativo en los comportamientos y destrezas sociales y académicos. Mientras antes se identifique y se trate los problemas de habla y lenguaje del niño, menor probabilidad habrá de que estos problemas persistan o empeoren. La intervención oportuna cuando se trata de trastornos del habla y el lenguaje puede ayudar a los niños a...
Description: Vision loss means that a person’s eyesight is not correctedto a “normal” level. Vision loss can vary greatly among children and can be caused by many things. (English and Spanish versions are on this fact sheet.)
Description: Spina bifida is one of the most common birth defects in the United States, affecting some 1,5physic00 babies each year. 2 Spina bifida happens during the first month or so of pregnancy and means that the baby’s spine did not close completely. Damage to the nerves and the spinal cord may result.
Description: Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a group of developmental disabilities that can cause significant social, communication and behavioral challenges. CDC is committed to continuing to provide essential data on ASD, search for factors that put children at risk for ASD and possible causes, and develop resources that help identify children with ASD as early as possible.
Description: A developmental delay is when your child does not reach these milestones at the same time as other children the same age. If your child is not developing properly, there are things you can do that may help. Most of the time, a developmental problem is not something your child will “grow out of” on his or her own. But with help, your child could reach his or her full potential! English and Spanish versions are on the same document.
Description: Los trastornos del espectro autista (TEA) son un grupo de discapacidades del desarrollo que pueden conllevar problemas significativos de tipo social, comunicativo y conductual. Los CDC calculan que 1 de cada 88 niños ha sido identificado con un trastorno del espectro autista (TEA). Los CDC realizan estudios para determinar cuántos niños tienen TEA, descubrir los factores de riesgo y aumentar el conocimiento sobre los signos de estos trastornos.
Description: This guidebook presents what you need to know before your child's third birthday. It was developed in Minnesota and is based on federal and state guidelines, but may contain some information that differs from the transition process from Part C to Part B in Virginia.
Description: Guía Informativa de Niñez Temprana en Transición, Lo que usted necesita saber antes del tercer cumpleaños de su niño. It was developed in Minnesota and is based on federal and state guidelines, but may contain some information that differs from the transition process from Part C to Part B in Virginia.
Description: The Infant & Toddler Connection of Virginia includes rights and safeguards to protect parents and children. Parents must be informed about these rights and safeguards in the Infant & Toddler Connection of Virginia so that they can have a leadership role in the services provided to their family. Notice of Child and Family Rights and Safeguards is an official notice of the rights and safeguards of children and families as defined under federal Part C regulations of the Individuals with...
Description: La Ley para la educación de los individuos con discapacidades (IDEA, Individuals with Disabilities Education Act) es una ley federal que establece la prestación de servicios de intervención temprana para los be bés y niños pequeños (de 0 a 36 meses) con scapacidades y sus familias. Estas disposiciones conforman la Parte C de la IDEA y se articulan en reglamentaciones federale (34 CFR Parte 303) y en el derecho estatal (Código del Estado de...
Description: These resources were compiled by the Parent Educational Advocacy Training Center (PEATC).
Description: Educación Especial Nacional y Estatal
Description: Este libro está escrito para ayudar a las familias a entender el sistema de intervención temprana, así como los derechos y las salvaguardas (o protección) que existen para garantizar que las familias participen en las decisiones que se tomen con relación a los servicios de intervención temprana de sus hijos.
Description: This document was written to help families understand the early intervention system and the rights and safeguards (or protections) that have been put in place to ensure that families are involved in decisions that are being made concerning their child’s early intervention services.
Description: When children are young, they learn by listening and talking with their parents, relatives, babysitters, and others. If you and your child are more comfortable with Spanish, then sing, talk, and read with your child in Spanish. This will build your child's speaking, listening, and understanding skills. These skills will later help him or her speak and read English.
Description: Los niños pequeños aprenden escuchando y hablando con sus padres, con sus familiares, con los encargados del cuidado infantil y con otras personas. Si usted y su niño se sienten más a gusto con el español, cante, converse y lea con su hijo en español. Así, se fortalecerán sus habilidades de hablar, escuchar y comprender. Estas habilidades le ayudarán más adelante a hablar y a leer en ingles.
Description: In some cases, a child’s developmental problems may be evident from birth. In other instances, it may take several months to realize that developmental milestones are not being met. Early intervention is the term used to describe services that reach a child early in his or her development, usually from birth through age three. Intervention is vital during this very early time because there a child learns and develops at the fastest rate during the first few years. It’s important not...
Description: En algunos casos, los problemas del desarrollo de un niño/a son evidentes desde el nacimiento. En otros, puede tardar varios meses darse cuenta de que los hitos del desarrollo no se están alcanzando. La intervención temprana es el término usado para describir servicios que se le dan al niño/a temprano en su desarrollo, generalmente desde el nacimiento hasta los 3 años. La intervención es vital durante esta primera etapa, ya que el niño/a...
Description: If you have recently learned that your child has a developmental delay or a disability (which may or may not be completely defined), this message may be for you. It is written from the personal perspective of a parent who has shared this experience and all that goes with it. When parents learn about any difficulty or problem in their child’s development, this information comes as a tremendous blow. The day my child was diagnosed as having a disability, I was devastated—and so...
Description: NICHCY was funded for decades by the Office of Special Education Programs, at the U.S. Department of Education. The project’s funding ended on September 30, 2014. Much of the rich library of materials and publications that NICHCY produced over the years has a new home at the Center for Parent Information and Resources (CPIR).
Description: Looking for information, resources, and technical assistance (TA) to help you and others support children with disabilities in their least restrictive environment in school? Here’s a starter list of places to look online. These will surely lead you to more.
Description: Between three and five years of age, children continue to make gains in both their understanding and their use of language. Their vocabularies grow in size. They produce longer and more complex sentences. During the preschool period, children's speech will become clearer as they master new sounds and new syllable structures. Language continues to develop in the context of interaction with others.
Description: Supporting Success is a ‘go-to’ site for professionals and family members seeking more information about hearing loss and what can be done to better support the future learning and social success of children with hearing loss. Only 1 in 100 students with IEPs are receiving services primarily for hearing loss! Hearing loss causes learning issues due to access barriers, not learning disorders. Professional Resource Topics Include: Amplification, Assessment, Early Childhood,...
Description: This resource (PDF) contains documents and websites (in English and Spanish) about Advocacy, Early Intervention, Special Education (2 through 21 years), Transition and Information on Specific Disabilities.
Description: What is autism spectrum disorder? ¿Qué son los trastornos del espectro autista? (English and Spanish version are on the same document) (CDC- Center for Disease Control and Prevention)
Description: The Center for Parent Information and Resources (CPIR) serves as a central resource of information and products to the community of Parent Training Information (PTI) Centers and the Community Parent Resource Centers (CPRCs), so that they can focus their efforts on serving families of children with disabilities. (This website is funded by the U.S. Department of Education, Office of Special Education Programs.)
Description: Aprenda los signos. Reaccione pronto.
Description: From birth to 5 years, your child should reach milestones in how he plays, learns, speaks, acts and moves. Track your child’s development and act early if you have a concern.
Description: This page lists some facts about ASD. (Early Childhood Development, An Office of the Administration for Children & Families, U.S. Department of Health & Human Services)
Description: 10 Hechos Sobre el Trastorno de Espectro Autista (TEA) (Early Childhood Development, An Office of the Administration for Children & Families, U.S. Department of Health & Human Services)
Description: YEC Monograph Series 4 provides caregivers with practical ideas and strategies to conduct meaningful assessments of young children who are disabled, have developmental delays, or are gifted/talented. Articles provide insight to information gathering, and examine assessment as it relates to: intervention planning; family involvement; social, behavioral, and functional planning; program evaluation, and more.
Description: Apoyo para padres y madres de niños con necesidades especiales
Description: Your child is advancing from infancy toward and into the preschool years. During this time, his physical growth and motor development will slow, but you can expect to see some tremendous intellectual, social, and emotional changes.