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How Are Students with TBI Eligible for a 504 Plan? (The Center on Brain Injury Research & Training, CBIRT)


Because TBI is the only disability related to a specific event, accommodations on an IEP may not be immediately available. Often, it is appropriate to start with a 504 plan and then if the symptoms remain, move to an IEP.

There are three ways a student may be considered an individual with a disability under section 504. A student is considered to have a disability under 504 if the student:

  1. Has a physical or mental impairment that substantially limits one or more major life activities.
  2. Has a record or history of such an impairment. The term includes children who have been misclassified (e.g. a non-English speaking student who was mistakenly classified as having mental retardation); or
  3. Is regarded as having such an impairment.




Collaboration Disability Characteristics Elementary Federal Laws High School Middle School Parent/Family Professional Resources Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 (504) Traumatic Brain Injury