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Behavior

When a child exhibits challenging behaviors, it can have an impact on the whole family. This page of the website will contain resources about Positive Behavioral Interventions and Supports (PBIS) and other strategies that may be helpful for families.
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Showing Results 1 - 50 of 328
Description: The POWER (Parent Organizer With Educational Resources) provides online resources to answer questions that parents may have.  The questions and answers are separated into age levels: Early Childhood, Elementary School, Middle School and High School.
Description: Title II of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) protects individuals with mental health, intellectual, or developmental disabilities from discrimination within the criminal justice system. Last week, the Justice Department issued guidance  to facilitate criminal justice entities' compliance with the ADA during interactions with people with disabilities. The document sets forth the key regulatory provisions under the ADA and provides examples of how local law enforcement, corrections,...
Description: BULLYING BASICS in Early Childhood: Bullying can emerge in early childhood. If you don’t know that bullying happens among young children, you won’t see it or stop it. If you don’t stop bullying, it will grow and spread. When early childhood educators are prepared, they can nip bullying in the bud. Find out how to stop bullying before it starts.
Description: Bullying is a form of aggressive behavior in which someone intentionally and repeatedly causes another person injury or discomfort. Bullying can take the form of physical contact, words or more subtle actions. The bullied individual typically has trouble defending him or herself and does nothing to “cause” the bullying. This site includes: What You Can Do Getting Help News Related APA Publications
Description: The TBI InfoComics were created to educate survivors of Traumatic Brain Injury, their families/caregivers, and healthcare providers about common symptoms of TBI and how to manage them. Our InfoComics are written to be accessible to people who may have memory issues or trouble reading large blocks of text. They present the most vital and up-to-date information about physical, cognitive and emotional issues people with TBI may be dealing with. The content we present in our comics represents the...
Description: The National Rehabilitation Information Center (NARIC) is the library of the National Institute on Disability, Independent Living, and Rehabilitation Research (NIDILRR). We collect, catalog, and disseminate the articles, reports, curricula, guides, and other publications and products of the research projects funded by NIDILRR. NIDILRR funds more than 250 projects each year that conduct research on a wide range of issues including technology, health and function, independent living, and capacity...
Description: This MPG I-Guide is focused on the problem of bullying in school, and is intended for those individuals interested in creating safe school environments by implementing school-based bullying prevention programs. Potential users of this I-Guide include school administrators, teachers and school staff, students, parents, practitioners, and professionals who work with youth, as well as others in the community. Users of this I-Guide can be at any point in the pre-implementation stage. For example, it...
Description: From TV to smartphones to social media, our lives are dominated by 24/7 media exposure. Despite this, many children and teens have few rules around their media use. Parents, help your children balance their online and off-line lives! Some of the Media Use Plan Tips: Screens should be kept out of kids' bedrooms.  Put in place a "media curfew" at mealtime and bedtime, putting all devices away or plugging them into a charging station for the night....
Description: This free 10 minute video explores the value of play, playful inquiry and the role of adults in supporting, advocating for  and investing in children’s play.
Description: Infants, toddlers, and preschoolers are now growing up in environments saturated with a variety of traditional and new technologies, which they are adopting at increasing rates. Although there has been much hope for the educational potential of interactive media for young children, accompanied by fears about their overuse during this crucial period of rapid brain development, research in this area still remains limited. This policy statement reviews the existing literature on television, videos,...
Description: This policy statement focuses on children and adolescents 5 through 18 abstract years of age. Research suggests both benefi ts and risks of media use for the health of children and teenagers. Benefits include exposure to new ideas and knowledge acquisition, increased opportunities for social contact and support, and new opportunities to access health-promotion messages and information. Risks include negative health effects on weight and sleep; exposure to inaccurate, inappropriate, or unsafe...
Description: The purpose of the Individual and Family Support Program (IFSP) is to assist individuals on the IDD Waiver Wait List and their family members to access needed person-centered and family-centered resources, supports, services and other assistance as approved by the Department. The overall objective of the Individual and Family Support Program is to support the continued residence of an individual with IDD maintain his own home or the family home, which could include the home of a principal...
Description: The Every Child Succeeds Act of 2015 (ESSA) replaces the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 (NCLB). Under ESSA, the States and Districts are given more leeway as to how federal dollars are to be spent on education. This reduces the role of federal oversight by giving power back to the states to make decisions about appropriate spending and to have greater flexibility in setting their own academic performance targets and effective interventions. To help, Congress created a block grant called the...
Description: On 1 September 2016 Virginia launched its new Developmental Disabilities Medicaid Waiver Program. The Family & Individual (FIS) Waiver, the Community Living (CL) Waiver, and Building Independence (BI) Waiver, all now fall under the umbrella of the Developmental Disabilities Waiver Program. The Developmental Disabilities (DD) Waiver serves individuals of any age with a developmental disability. The new DD Waiver Program also covers children from birth through 9 years of age with a substantial...
Description: The US Department of Education Office of Special Education Programs provided this letter of guidance  August 1, 2016 to clarify that the failure to consider and provide for needed behavioral supports through the IEP process is likely to result in a child not receiving a meaningful educational benefit or FAPE. In addition, a failure to make behavioral supports available throughout a continuum of placements, including in a regular education setting, could result in an inappropriately...
Description: There is no one-size-fits-all or simple solution for addressing bullying behavior. Rather, efforts to prevent and address bullying behavior should be embedded within a comprehensive, multitiered behavioral framework used to establish a positive school environment, set high academic and behavioral expectations for all students, and guide delivery of evidence-based instruction and interventions that address the needs of students, including students with disabilities. When deciding which strategy...
Description: The Net Cetera online toolkit offers free resources to help you teach people in your community about kids’ online safety. Regardless of your experience as a speaker — or your expertise in online safety — this kit has the resources and information you need to convey key points about kids' online safety. How you use it is up to you: give a presentation to parents or teachers, play the videos in a classroom, and order our free booklets and distribute to schools or libraries.
Description: As of 2015, 92% of teens reported going online at least once per day. Of that 92%, there were 24% of teens who said they are online constantly. On average children ages 8 to 18 are spending 44.5 hours per week in front of screens. Overview: Why Is Internet Safety Important? What Is Cyberbullying? How Do I Know if My Child Is at Risk, or a Victim of Cyberbullying? How Can I Protect My Child's Online Reputation? How Can I Protect My Child From Identity Theft? Are Online Games Dangerous? How Can I...
Description: What can adult life include?Young people with disabilities look forward to adult lives in the community that include: Friends and family Relaxation and fun A home of their own Work or volunteering Lifelong learning Making choices Travel or move around your community Faith-based participationThis is a good picture of the future. It can happen when young people have a team planning with them.
Description: Information for Educators: Trauma Facts for Educators Suggestions for Educators Psychological and Behavioral Impact of Trauma: Preschool Children Psychological and Behavioral Impact of Trauma: Elementary School Students Psychological and Behavioral Impact of Trauma: Middle School Students Psychological and Behavioral Impact of Trauma: High School Students Brief Information on Childhood Traumatic Grief for School Personnel Self Care for Educators Information for Parents and Caregivers:...
Description: One out of every 4 children attending school has been exposed to a traumatic event that can affect learning and/or behavior. Help is available. Hope is possible! This site includes: Child Trauma: A Toolkit for Educators School Resources for School Personnel Bullying & Cyber Bullying: Awareness/Prevention Psychological First Aid: For School- A Complete Manual Other Network Resources for Educators on Child Trauma Schools and Trauma: Speaker Series (Free Online Education- must create an...
Description: You can play an important role in helping your children and teenagers recover from traumatic events. We have designed these pages for birth parents, adoptive parents, resource/foster parents, grandparents, caregivers, and all others who care for children and teens. We are using the words "child" or "children" to include adolescents. Although teens may not think of themselves as children, parents and caregivers most often refer those of any age (toddler, school-age, teen, youth, adult) in our...
Description: Going back to school after the long summer break can be an especially difficult change.  One of the best ways to ease the transition is to get back to set schedules and routines. Having that structure is also a good way to help kids with time management issues and ADHD stay on track. Download: Sample Homework Contract Download: Back-to-School Introduction Letters Download: 3x3 Card to Help Teachers Get to Know Your Child Download: Parent-Child Behavior Contracts
Description: Virginia’s Definition (PDF) of school readiness describes the capabilities of children, families, schools and communities that promote student success in kindergarten and beyond. Each component – children, families, schools and communities – plays an essential role in developing school readiness. Ready Children are prepared socially, personally, physically and intellectually to meet literacy, mathematics, science, history/social science and developmental standards for...
Description: The I’m Determined project, a state directed project funded by the Virginia Department of Education, focuses on providing direct instruction, models, and opportunities to practice skills associated with self-determined behavior. This project facilitates youth, especially those with disabilities to undertake a measure of control in their lives, helping to set and steer the course rather than remaining the silent passenger. There are resources and videos for Educators, Parents and...
Description: Our understanding of how best to support the learning of individuals with ASD always evolving.  With new autism research becoming available, it is necessary for educators, medical personnel, parents, and other service providers to stay up-to-date on best practices, evidence-based interventions and strategies available to support those with ASD. Evidence-based practice (EBP) are those practices that have been researched and are widely accepted and recognized as effective techniques. ...
Description: The Models of Best Practice in the Education of Students with Autism Spectrum Disorder guidance document from the Virginia Department of Education (VDOE) includes addressing social communication skills. Because of the characteristics of ASD, we have to think far beyond just reading, writing, and arithmetic to include a wide range of other skills! These social communication challenges can severely limit opportunities in the classroom and in the community. In order for students to be more...
Description: Social communication and social skill difficulties are core characteristics of Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). Deficits in social skills often have negative consequences that impact individuals’ outcomes in inclusive learning opportunities in schools and inclusive engagement in the communities. Though this social component is a widely known hallmark of ASD, intervention to support individuals’ mastery of these skills is still emerging in classroom and community environments across...
Description: Inclusion and participation in the community are not always easy for individuals with ASD. At times, members of the community may not be accepting or supportive. However, community participation can lead to a better quality of life for everyone and make all the difference in an individual’s life. What do Teachers Need to Know?One of the best ways to engage students and promote independence is to give opportunities for choice making and problem solving. This helps increase motivation and...
Description: We all have issues that don't go our way and end up straining relationships with others. It's what we do from that point that determines whether we can maintain positive relationships with those involved or further strain those connections. The Problem Resolution App is designed to help facilitate the collection of narratives of those involved in a particular dilemma. This is a great tool for counselors/facilitators/administrators to gather multiple perspectives around issues that arise. ...
Description: The Brain Injury Strategies App is intended to provide ideas for supporting an individual who is returning to learning. It addresses various areas of concern that can happen after a concussion, a type of traumatic brain injury. The end product is a summary of selected strategies that can be implemented by an educator for an individual student. (Note: To preview Brain Injury Strategies App, use 1234 as student ID.)
Description: This is not an ‘all inclusive’ manual for assistive technology. It is a starting point to introduce what assistive technology is and how it can help. Each section of the booklet will give examples of devices for specific tasks or activities. For additional details and resources please see the “Where to go from here” section in the back of this booklet. A Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) may cause many different problems: physical, sensory (sight, hearing or touch), cognitive...
Description: According to the latest statistics from the National Alliance on Mental Illness, 43.8 million Americans, or 18.5% of the national population, experience mental illness every year. Mental illness is a broad term defined by the Mayo Clinic as any disorder that affects one’s mood, thinking, or behavior. When mental illness influences family life, work, education, and other aspects day-to-day life, the condition is known as a psychiatric disability. A recent report from Johns Hopkins...
Description: Who We Are The National Federation of Families for Children’s Mental Health is a national family-run organization linking more than 120 chapters and state organizations focused on the issues of children and youth with emotional, behavioral, or mental health needs and their families. It was conceived in Arlington, Virginia in February, 1989 by a group of 18 people determined to make a difference in the way the system works. Where We Come From Members of the National Federation come from all...
Description: Growth Mindset: Big Ideas for The Classoom — Episode 2/5 Check out a free series of videos on the Class Dojo website offering a strong message for students that their brains are not fixed but like a muscle and can grow and work for them to improve their skills at school. Entertaining Ideas  The videos, dubbed "Big Ideas for The Classroom" help teachers motivate students and build their resilience when frustration and failure cause self-doubts. There will be five in all when the...
Description: This toolkit will help you navigate your child’s journey from pre-kindergarten through high school. It is designed to help you track and support progress at each stage. The Parent Toolkit team is committed to building a community of parents, teachers, and experts where ideas and tips are shared regularly. This site includes the following sections: Growth Charts (Academic, Health & Wellness, and Social & Emotional Development) Tips & Guides (Videos, Academic, Health &...
Description: The Virginia Family Special Education Connection Website provides Local Disability Services information for all of the Counties/Cities in the Commonwealth of Virginia. These services include: Arc (The Arc) Care Connection for Children (Health Department Program) Centers for Independent Living Child Development Services Program - Clinics Community Services Board (CSB) Department for Aging and Rehabilitative Services (DARS) Department of Medical Assistance Services (DMAS) Department of Social...
Description: Puberty can be a time of mixed feelings for parents and pre-teens. It may be a time of pride and celebration, as well as a time of worry and confusion. It is hard for pre-teens to understand the many changes that come along with puberty. Also, parents may feel unsure of how to explain these changes to their child. All parents eventually face the challenge of teaching their children about the natural changes of puberty. However, parents of pre-teens with ASD may need the help of additional...
Description: Holidays are a time for family, friends and…endless eating. That can be tough for kids with sensory processing issues who are sensitive to the tastes, smells and textures of foods. These tips can help reduce food battles—and let you and your child enjoy the holidays.
Description: Traveling with kids can be tough no matter what. But sensory processing issues can add some unique challenges. These troubleshooting tips can help you anticipate your child’s needs and avoid vacation meltdowns. 1 of 10 Bring a “self-regulation” survival pack.If your child has visual sensitivities or is sensitive to sounds, textures or smells, you might have already found tools that help him. Fill a small backpack with the items he might need (such as sunglasses, earplugs and...
Description: Children, who are victims of their parent's crimes, are often afraid and confused by the changes in their own lives. Their questions and deeply felt concerns are not always addressed. A 16 page booklet, MOMMIES AND DADDIES IN JAIL, clearly and concisely addresses this issue.
Description: The incarceration of a loved one can be very overwhelming for both children and caregivers. It can bring about big changes and transitions. In simple everyday ways, you can comfort your child and guide her through these tough moments. With your love and support she can get through anything that comes her way. Here are some tools to help you with the changes your child is going through. (Jail)
Description: Going back to school and adjusting to new routines can be tricky for kids with learning and attention issues—and for you. But having the right tools can make the transition easier. Use these back-to-school downloads to start the school year off right.
Description: Finding and safely recovering a missing child with autism presents unique and difficult challenges for families, law enforcement, first responders and search teams. The National Center for Missing & Exploited Children has special search protocols and checklists to help first responders.
Description: The Autism Wandering Awareness Alerts Response and Education (AWAARE) Collaboration is a working group of six national non-profit autism organizations whose mission is to prevent autism-related wandering incidents and deaths. NAA (National Autism Association) has created two digital safety toolkits that can be downloaded here: Caregiver Toolkit and First Responder Toolkit.  
Description: The following are implementation resources that correlate to evidenced based practices as identified by the National Professional Development Center on Autism Spectrum Disorders, http://autismpdc.fpg.unc.edu/. The resources listed are available for check-out in every Virginia Department of Education Training and Technical Assistance (T-TAC) lending library.
Description: The VCU-ACE How To Series demonstrates evidence-based practices for students with ASD. These short videos are approximately five minutes and are intended to provide a quick look at implementing a particular strategy. The How To videos provide a short description of the topic with real life video examples of how to implement the evidence-based practice in the classroom with students with ASD. More How To videos will continue to be added so please check back often! (Videos on Prompting,...
Description: Play is an integral part of most early childhood special education programs. For many young children with ASD and severe learning needs, this skill may be very difficult.  This webcast will discuss the importance of teaching social skills in early childhood education programs that serve students with ASD.  Elements of social skill instruction will be explored to include both systematic and naturalistic teaching strategies.  Methods of how to embed evidenced-based practices in...
Description: Bullying in the United States was once a silent epidemic which was endured by millions of children on a daily basis. The attitude “kids will be kids” was just part of normal childhood development. Today, bullying in schools is being recognized as a national health problem and safety issue for all students including students with disabilities. The prevalence of bullying in schools is roughly one in three students and can occur twice as often for students with special needs. Dr....
Description:  Learn about some of the recent laws regarding autism and applied behavior analysis (ABA) including an update on the autism insurance laws in Virginia.  Find out what you can do to make a difference.