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Behavior

When a child exhibits challenging behaviors, it can have an impact on the whole family. This page of the website will contain resources about Positive Behavioral Interventions and Supports (PBIS) and other strategies that may be helpful for families.
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Showing Results 251 - 300 of 365
Description: Some of the top researchers in the country offer helpful tips and concepts to help you work with young children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). The tips are based on concepts of learning and development that can be worked into everyday routines. Each tip describes a concept, why the concept is important, and a step-by step description of how to work these simple concepts into everyday routines. (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Children and Families, National...
Description: The National Center has a mission: “To educate and train parents and professionals, and to conduct research that will prevent the shaking and abuse of infants in the United States”. Shaken baby syndrome (SBS) is the leading cause of death in abusive head trauma (AHT) cases. An estimated 1,200 to 1,400 children are injured or killed by shaking every year in the United States. (National Organization)
Description: "Your Family's Special Education Rights" identifies key parts of the “Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act of 2004” (IDEA), a federal law governing the education of students with disabilities. IDEA 2004 requires that families be informed of their special education rights, including how families and schools can resolve problems. This document is available in Arabic (PDF), Chinese (PDF), English (PDF), Urdu (PDF), Farsi (PDF), Korean (PDF), Spanish (PDF), and...
Description: Many of your child’s behaviors may not make obvious sense—they don’t seem to serve any clear purpose. By paying attention differently to these actions, you may be able to notice clues you didn’t see before, and find a more effective way to help your child.
Description: This information sheet is provided to help you recognize and understand sports concussion. Neurologists from the American Academy of Neurology (AAN) are doctors who identify and treat diseases of the brain and nervous system. The following evidence-based information* is provided by experts who carefully reviewed all available scientific studies on evaluating and managing sports concussion in athletes. Concussion is a serious health issue.
Description: When a child reaches puberty, families may view this time with mixed feelings. It may be that of pride that their child is developing into an adult, or families may view this period with trepidation, feeling unsure of how to explain all the changes to their child. For an adolescent with an Autism Spectrum Disorder, the physical changes that indicate increasing maturity can be quite out of place with where the individual is at in other aspects of their development, such as academic and social...
Description: The purpose of this study was to examine the efficacy of personal digital assistants (PDAs) as task management tools in a sample of transition-age high school students with autism. Gentry, T., Wallace, J., Kvarfordt, C. & Lynch, K. (2010). Personal digital assistants as cognitive aids for high school students with autism: Results of a community-based trial. Journal of Vocational Rehabilitation, 32(2), 101-107.
Description: This presentation provided a brief overview of the research regarding the outcomes of adults with ASD and discussed the primary areas of concern for this group, including employment, residential living, social interactions, and community integration.
Description: The Pyramid Plus Center works to improve the social and emotional competence and inclusion of young children through the Pyramid Plus Approach: embedded inclusion practices along the entire developmental continuum (Birth – 5 years) within the Pyramid Model framework. This approach builds on the work of the Center on the Social and Emotional Foundations for Early Learning (CSEFEL), the Technical Assistance Center on Social Emotional Interventions (TACSEI), and the SpecialQuest Approach and...
Description: CIPR (Center for Parent Information and Resources) is pleased to connect you with sources of information for helping children who have behavior challenges. Because "behavior" is such a huge topic, we've divided the subject up into 5 separate pages: Behavior Expertise, Behavior Assessment, Plans, and Positive Supports, Behavior at Home, Behavior at School and Bullying.
Description: This is a handout from the Brain Injury Association of Virginia. Behavior has a neuro-anatomical basis.. Behavioral characteristics of persons with brain injury may include.. Thinking difficulties can lead to behavioral issues when someone.. Some things are often mislabeled as inappropriate behavior.. Behavior is communication; what is the person trying to communicate?.. Types of communication difficulties persons with brain injury may have include.. Common pitfalls when communicating with...
Description: Everywhere they turn, parents of children with autism spectrum disorder are bombarded with treatment choices—all of which claim to be effective. This manual is designed to support parents as they make decisions about their child’s treatment. It discusses the complexity of diagnostic evaluations for children on the autism spectrum, identifies and describes effective treatments, and outlines the importance of professional judgment and using data to guide treatment decisions. Other...
Description: In an effort to ease the fears of and provide encouragement to all people with individuals with autism in their lives, Autism Speaks has created 4 support tool kits, each designed specifically for the following groups: Parents, Siblings, Grandparents and Friends. The purpose of each kit is to help teach family members and friends more about autism and its effects on families, and provide resources and support to enable them to lead happy and successful lives with their loved ones with autism.
Description: Psychologists, working with law enforcement officers, have devised tools to prevent violent attacks. The Path to Violence details a powerfully effective Secret Service program - the Safe School Initiative - that's helped schools detect problem behavior.
Description: Special Olympics Virginia is a year-round program of sports training and athletic competition for children and adults with intellectual disabilities. We serve more than 11,000 athletes through seven regional offices and 30 area programs. We are one of 52 U.S. programs, and part of a global movement that serves more than 3.7 million athletes in more than 170 counties.
Description: The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) is the key federal education law that serves students with LD. Being informed will help you support your child’s learning needs and advocate for his or her success.
Description: Disappointment is a normal, though difficult, part of growing up. Your child is likely to experience disappointment as she makes new friends, tries new things and experiences the ups and downs of her world. Whether it’s a trip to the park that is ruined by rain or missing a birthday party, life is full of little and big disappointments. When you allow your child to feel, experience and learn from little disappointments at an early age, you help her to create the skills she will need to...
Description: Frustration is a common emotion in young children and typically occurs as a child begins to discover the many things he would like to do, but simply cannot do yet. Frustration is a natural and healthy emotion and can provide a positive learning experience for a child. You can teach your child how to deal with frustration in a way that is useful for him. Most important, you must respond to frustration when it first arises before it changes into anger or becomes the dreaded temper tantrum. Two...
Description: Transitioning, or moving, to new places, people and activities is something we do many times during the day. However, change can be overwhelming and seem unpredictable for your child, especially when she is not ready to move on to the next place or activity. When and how often transitions occur are usually decided by an adult and children often act out with challenging behavior when they feel unable to control their routine. When you help your child prepare for transitions you are helping her to...
Description: The Center for Early Childhood Mental Health Consultation was created through a grant from the Office of Head Start. The Center translates research in healthy mental development into materials tailored to the needs of each of the target audiences, and makes them available on this website.  This site includes Best Practice Tutorials designed to enhance your skills and knowledge around how to implement effective mental health consultation in Head Start and Early Head Start (HS/EHS) programs.
Description: Cyberbullying is a growing problem and cannot be ignored by school administrations. To implement school-based cyberbullying intervention, administrators should use the three-tiered model—a model focused on prevention and intervention and incorporates a “whole school” approach to bullying prevention.
Description: If you think your child is being bullied, it's time to take action…now. Bullying is not something that just goes away on its own, it is not something that children can just “work out” without mediation, and it is not something kids will just naturally outgrow. If you know (or think) that your child is being bullied, your participation is critical to a successful outcome.
Description: Learning that your child is involved in bullying behavior can be a tough blow to any parent. Before you get angry or upset, take a breath. Social skills develop gradually over the school years, and for many children, this includes learning and experimenting with power and relationships. It’s important that you work steadily and compassionately to get your child back on track. Here are 10 actions you can take today to help create better outcomes for both your child and the kids who were bullied.
Description: Because having ADHD is such a big risk factor for being a bully or a victim, getting the facts about the disorder will help you, as a parent of a kid with ADHD, better understand your child’s behavior and give you the information you need to work with your child’s teacher to help them with their peer relations.
Description: AbilityPath.org's mission is to build a community that brings together professionals and parents of children with special needs from around the globe to learn, share and strengthen the process of supporting the ongoing healthy development of children and youth with special needs and disabilities. Content features advice, tool kits and other practical day to day living tips so families can learn, laugh and live a more balanced life. The website includes: My Child's Development, Health & Daily...
Description: New research in public schools comparing kids with ASD to their peers finds that children with ASD are more likely to be rejected by their peers, receive less social support from their friends and classmates, spend more time alone at recess and lunch times, chat and play less with others, are verbally abused more often, are more likely to react aggressively and are three more times likely to be bullied.
Description: This book provides an in-depth look at challenging behavior and practical strategies for preventing and addressing it. Vignettes featuring real children in real classrooms bring the material alive. Chapters are included on self-reflection, culture, bullying, resilience, the brain, and family partnerships. It is a comprehensive resource for both education students and practicing teachers.
Description: Physicians at Indiana University School of Medicine and the Northwest Radiology Network (Indianapolis, Indiana) report the case of a 17-year-old high school football player with second impact syndrome (SIS). A rare and devastating traumatic brain injury, SIS occurs when a person, most often a teenager, sustains a second head injury before recovery from an earlier head injury is complete.
Description: This PBS News video discusses a new study that demonstrates the connection between repetitive head injuries in athletes and a degenerative brain disease known as chronic traumatic encephalopathy, or CTE.
Description: The purpose of the PA Verbal Behavior Project is to enhance learning and communication to improve the lives of children who live with autism and their families. The Project provides training, consultation, resources, and information.
Description: The National Association for the Education of Young Children (NAEYC) is a professional membership organization that works to promote high-quality early learning for all young children, birth through age 8, by connecting early childhood practice, policy, and research. We advance a diverse, dynamic early childhood profession and support all who care for, educate, and work on behalf of young children. The association comprises nearly 60,000 individual members of the early childhood community and...
Description: Sometimes the difficulties of autism can lead to behaviors that are quite challenging for us to understand and address. Most individuals with autism will display challenging behaviors of some sort at some point in their lives. Autism Speaks has created this Challenging Behaviors Tool Kit to provide you with strategies and resources to address these behaviors, and to help support you and your loved one with autism during these difficult situations.
Description: The mission of the TBI TAC is to maintain a center that: meets grantees' need for information, provides technical assistance, supports the ongoing efforts of federal program staff to be responsive to legislative and policy issues, and assists states as they seek to establish systems change.
Description: The purpose of this article from Teaching Exceptional Children is to equip educators and other school staff involved in the school reentry process for students with TBI with the knowledge necessary to make informed decisions when addressing the specific needs of this group. TEACHING Exceptional Children September-October 2012 vol. 45 no. 1 54-63.
Description: The third annual issue, which appeared in September, 2012, is packed with resources for teachers, leaders, professional development providers and families. Articles range from Tackling Children’s Weight Issues Through Music Therapy to Because I Said So: Effective Strategies for Dealing with Challenging Behavior. This issue also includes ideas, resources, international perspectives, and podcasts you can participate in.
Description: This list was created by a Speech Language Pathologist/Augmentative Communication Consultant/Assistive Technology Consultant. (iPad)
Description: The purpose of this kit is to provide helpful information about your students with autism and tools and strategies to achieve positive interactions and increase learning for all members of the school community. With help from respected experts in the field of autism and special education, and experienced parents, caregivers and teachers, we’ve included an introduction to autism and specific strategies for supporting students. About the School Community Tool Kit Information about the...
Description: The U.S. Department of Education has developed a Tool Kit on Teaching and Assessing Students with Disabilities (Tool Kit), which offers a compilation of information that will move states forward in improving results for all students with disabilities. The Tool Kit includes information about the Department’s investments, papers on large-scale assessment, technical assistance (TA) products, and resources. The section on large-scale assessment includes a collection of seven papers and a...
Description: At Lumos Labs, we believe in improving brains —and lives. That’s why we created the most effective online tool for cognitive enhancement. Drawing on the newest developments in neuroscience, Lumosity.com offers brain training exercises that work. Regardless of your age, Lumosity can make you smarter and more mentally fit. There is a free trial available. There is a membership cost.
Description: Traumatic brain injury (TBI), a form of acquired brain injury, occurs when a sudden trauma causes damage to the brain. TBI can result when the head suddenly and violently hits an object, or when an object pierces the skull and enters brain tissue. Symptoms of a TBI can be mild, moderate, or severe, depending on the extent of the damage to the brain.
Description: The objective was to study identified rates of long-term behavior problems in children with traumatic brain injury (TBI) compared to children with only orthopedic injuries and risk factors and correlates for new behavior problems following TBI.
Description: ThinkFirst for Youth is for students in grades four through eight - an important time to help students learn the importance of protecting themselves, as they are increasingly faced with decision-making challenges involving their safety. Anatomy lessons and classroom activities help students develop a practical understanding of their body's abilities, limitations and vulnerablilty for injuries. Exercises build communication and conflict resolution skills, increasing self confidence and the...
Description: Welcome to the Autism Case Training (ACT) Web-based CE course. This introductory course contains three modules designed to help you better: identify autism spectrum disorders, assist a family through the diagnostic process, and care for patients with autism spectrum disorders. Users will gain knowledge and skills to improve early identification of children with ASDs and ensure timely and appropriate care.
Description: The purpose of this Resource Document is to present and describe 15 principles for State, district, and school staff; parents; and other stakeholders to consider when States, localities, and districts develop policies and procedures, which should be in writing on the use of restraint and seclusion.
Description: The Autism Center at OCALI provides a clearinghouse of information on research, resources and trends to address the autism challenge. The center offers a source for training, technical assistance, resources, and consultation to build program capacity and individual learning and growth. Autism Internet Modules are available on a wide range of topics.
Description: This resource contains 2 different reinforcement inventories. The items in this questionnaire refer to things and experiences that may give a person, satisfaction, or pleasureable feelings.  It requires the child, parent and/or professional to check items that describe how much the individual enjoys the things described.  
Description: The Autism Internet Modules were developed with one aim in mind: to make comprehensive, up-to-date, and usable information on autism accessible and applicable to educators, other professionals, and families who support individuals with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). Written by experts from across the U.S., all online modules are free, and are designed to promote understanding of, respect for, and equality of persons with ASD. Modules feature videos, charts, pictures, case studies and a...
Description: Many interventions exist for autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Yet, scientific research has found only some of these interventions to be effective. The interventions that researchers have shown to be effective are called evidence-based practices (EBPs). One reason for using EBPs is because, by law, teaching practices must be based on evidence of effectiveness. What EBPs have been identified? The NPDC used a rigorous criteria to classify 27 focused interventions as EBPs in 2014. The 27...
Description: Goal Improve the healthy development, health, safety, and well-being of adolescents and young adults. Overview Adolescents (ages 10 to 19) and young adults (ages 20 to 24) make up 21 percent of the population of the United States.1 The behavioral patterns established during these developmental periods help determine young people's current health status and their risk for developing chronic diseases in adulthood.2 Although adolescence and young adulthood are generally healthy times of life,...
Description: A comprehensive and practical resource that provides field-tested, research-based strategies for including young children with disabilities in early childhood programs. Early childhood educators, child care providers, and administrators can use the photocopiable forms and case studies to promote inclusion in the earliest social and educational experiences of young children. The book provides suggestions on activity planning, family involvement, collaboration, cultural issues, multiple...