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Virtual Learning and Accommodations Guide (VDOE's Assistive Technology Network)


The 2020-2021 school year is starting amid a great deal of uncertainty. As instruction begins in-person, online, and with hybrid formats, teachers, families and caregivers, students and instructional teams may need to reconsider the accommodations and supports that students receive.

The Virginia Department of Education (VDOE) along with the Assistive Technology Network (AT Network) has adapted this resource from the Indiana Department of Education that lists common daily accommodations for students in brick and mortar learning environments and provides examples of how these accommodations can be applied during virtual instruction.

Within this document, accommodations are organized into four categories:

  • Presentation—how students receive information,
  • Responding—how students show what they know,
  • Setting—how the environment is made accessible for instruction and assessment, and
  • Scheduling—how time demands and schedules may be adjusted.


Assistive Technology Autism Spectrum Disorder Behavior Communication - AT Computer Access - AT Curriculum/Instructional Methods Hearing Impairment Home/Personal Care - AT Instructional Strategies Intellectual Disability Learning Disability Literacy Math Vision Impairment