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Five Options, 1-2-3 (Dispute Resolution) (Current as of October 2019) (English and Spanish) (Center for Parent Information & Resources, CPIR)


There are times when parents and schools simply do not agree on some issue affecting a child’s education. They may try informal approaches to resolving the conflict, such as reviewing and revising the child’s IEP or holding a facilitated IEP meeting (an approach emerging in the field). When these don’t result in agreement on what represents an appropriate education for a child, the law (IDEA) provides several approaches that parents and schools can use to help resolve the dispute.

Informal Approaches

Formal Approaches


All Disabilities Dispute Resolution Elementary Federal Laws High School Individualized Education Program (IEP) Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) Middle School Parent/Family Professional Resources