General Disability Information
This page provides information and resources to help you more fully understand the characteristics of specific disabilities.Skip to search results
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Description: The resource guide is a directory to expand awareness and knowledge and ensure that consumers and their families can gain full access to Virginia’s health and human services. The resource guide will help you: • identify resources for disability information • answer questions about services and benefits • explain rights and responsibilities • provide information for access to support and advocacy groups
Description: Parallels In Time and Parallels in Time II tell the history of people with disabilities in Western Civilization. Each of the major aspects of a person's life — home, learning/education, and employment are presented by decade with images, photos, history, and stories that reflect and represent the reality of this period in our history. Video clips and interviews are contained in this presentation.
Description: The Department for the Blind and Vision Impaired (DBVI) is committed to providing quality services to assist Virginia's citizens who are blind, deafblind or vision impaired in achieving their maximum level of employment, education, and personal independence. The department provides an array of specialized services to blind Virginians of all ages to assist them in attaining the skills, confidence and positive outlook that are critical to independence.
Description: WINDMILLS has a proven twenty-seven year history of assisting those with and without a disability to understand better the culture of disability in the workplace. It is best defined as an employer-employee training tool designed to shatter attitudinal barriers. It accomplishes this by offering modules wherein participants and a professional trainer interact. Although there are twelve modules, training sessions may vary to include any single module, several modules, or all of the...
Description: This detailed report summarizes the state of the science with respect to what is known about the efficacy of therapies for children with autism spectrum disorders.
Description: This Social Policy Report summarizes selected recent studies on diagnosis, prevalence, and intervention, and discusses strategies for designing social policies to help improve the outcomes and independence of children and adults with ASDs.
Description: Mental health is an important part of overall health for children as well as adults. For many adults who have mental disorders, symptoms were present—but often not recognized or addressed—in childhood and youth. For a young person with symptoms of a mental disorder, the earlier treatment is started, the more effective it can be. Early treatment can help prevent more severe, lasting problems as a child grows up. Warning Signs It can be tough to tell if troubling behavior in a child is...
Description: FRIENDS WHO CARE® is designed to help children better understand what it means to live with a disability, and to encourage children to accept differences. It explains what differing disabilities are, and provides hands-on activities to help children learn how people with disabilities live independent, everyday lives. It can be downloaded for free.
Description: The National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders (NIDCD) is one of the Institutes that comprise the National Institutes of Health (NIH). NIDCD is mandated to conduct and support biomedical and behavioral research and research training in the normal and disordered processes of hearing, balance, smell, taste, voice, speech, and language. The Institute also conducts and supports research and research training related to disease prevention and health promotion; addresses special...
Description: Every 19 seconds someone in the United States sustains a traumatic brain injury (TBI). That adds up to 1.7 million people each year. Brain injuries range from mild to moderate to severe. Every injury is different, but when your brain is injured, it can affect everything: your ability to speak, focus, remember, and relate to other people. BrainLine is a national multimedia project offering information and resources about preventing, treating, and living with TBI. BrainLine includes a series of...
Description: The Center for Family Involvement is part of the Partnership for People with Disabilities at Virginia Commonwealth University. The Center for Family Involvement works with families to increase their skills as advocates, mentors and leaders so that families, children and young adults with disabilities can lead the lives they want.
Description: IAN, the Interactive Autism Network, was established in January 2006 at Kennedy Krieger Institute. IAN's goal is to facilitate research that will lead to advancements in understanding and treating autism spectrum disorder (ASD). To accomplish this goal, we created the IAN Community and IAN Research. IAN is a partnership of the Kennedy Krieger Institute and the Simons Foundation, with partial funding through a Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute (PCORI) Award. IAN Community The IAN...
Description: The Children's Partnership is a national, nonprofit child advocacy organization working to ensure that all children, especially those at risk of being left behind, have the resources and the opportunities they need to grow up healthy and to lead productive lives. Particular attention is on the goals of securing health coverage for uninsured children and ensuring that the opportunities of digital technology benefit all children and families. National research is combined with community-based...
Description: The Virginia Project for Children and Young Adults with Deaf-Blindness is a statewide program designed to provide technical assistance, training, distance education, and networking information to families, teachers, and service providers of individuals birth through 21 who have both a hearing loss and a vision loss. The Virginia Deaf-Blind Project is committed to supporting families, teachers, and service providers in their endeavors to improve outcomes for children and youth who experience both...
Description: ep (Exceptional Parent) is a 42-year-old, award-winning publishing and communications company. ep provides practical advice, emotional support and the most up-to-date educational information for families of children and adults with disabilities and special healthcare needs as well as to the physicians, allied health care professionals, and educational professionals who are involved in their care and development. (Registration is free.)
Description: PACER’s Early Childhood Family Information and Resources Project gives parents of children ages birth through 5 years the confidence, knowledge, and skills they need to help their children obtain the education, health care, and other services they deserve. In Minnesota, special education services for children with disabilities are mandated by law beginning at birth. By federal and state law, families must be involved in the planning, development, and implementation of comprehensive...
Description: The resources in this module offer helpful tips on setting up the physical aspects of your classroom and will introduce types of equipment used by students with visual disabilities.
Description: The Yale Seminar on Autism and Related Disorders is the United States' first undergraduate course of its kind. Our goal for this website is to make all of the lecture content and supporting materials available online for free for anyone who desires to learn about Autsim Spectrum Disorders. Videos include: Overview of Autism- Prof. Fred Volkmar/ Treatments for Autism: Overview of Model Programs- Prof. Fred Volkmar/ Autism in Infants and Young Children- Dr. Kasia Chawarska/ Parental Perspectives...
Description: To answer parents' questions about autism spectrum disorders, the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) offers a collection of interviews with pediatricians, researchers and parents. (General Autism)
Description: The ASD Video Glossary is an innovative web-based tool designed to help parents and professionals learn more about the early red flags and diagnostic features of autism spectrum disorders (ASD). This glossary contains over a hundred video clips and is available to you free of charge, but you must register. (General Autism)
Description: The VA Autism Council's website provides information on training in Virginia. This is Virginia's clearinghouse on best practices and research-based education and training opportunities to advance personnel development in autism in Virginia. (General Autism)
Description: This site provides multiple links for general information regarding ASDs as provided by the National Institutes of Health. (General Autism)
Description: Look Me in the Eye, a memoir by John Elder Robison, is about growing up with Asperger’s syndrome — a high functioning form of autism — overcoming his limitations, and ultimately becoming a successful adult. (Transition)
Description: Welcome to Tony Attwood's website. This website is a guide for parents, professionals and people with Asperger's Syndrome and their partners. In this site you will find issues related to Asperger's Syndrome, resources, resource papers Tony has authored, related topics and Tonys presentation schedule.
Description: The SPD Network is a project of the Kid Foundation, an organization whose mission is to improve the quality of life for students, adolescents, and adults with Sensory Processing Disorder. Available on this site are FAQs about SPD, scientific research related to SPD, SPD conferences and workshops, a treatment directory, and general information about SPD. (Sensory)
Description: This website includes autism training and resources for law enforcement, emergency first responders, parents, educators, care providers, and the autism community.
Description: A child may be found eligible for special education and related services as a child with autism if there is an adverse effect on the child's educational performance due to documented characteristics of autism. This site includes the following tools for educators, administrators and parents: Guidelines for Educating Students with Autism Spectrum Disorders, Models of Best Practice in the Education of Students with Autism Spectrum Disorders, and Autism Spectrum Disorders and the Transition to...
Description: In the past, the term “severe disability” as a disability category was used in Virginia’s special education regulations although it is not a disability category in the federal Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA).
Description: The Virginia Board of Education and Department of Education through its special education regulations revision process officially changed the disability category of mental retardation to intellectual disability.(Fast Fact)
Description: "Orthopedic impairment" means a severe orthopedic impairment that adversely affects a child's educational performance.
Description: "Deafness" means a hearing impairment that is so severe that the child is impaired in processing linguistic information through hearing, with or without amplification, that adversely affects the child’s educational performance. “Hearing Impairment” means an impairment in hearing, whether permanent or fluctuating, that adversely affects a child’s educational performance but that is not included under the definition of deafness in this section.
Description: “Visual impairment including blindness” means an impairment in vision that, even with correction, adversely affects a child’s educational performance. The term includes both partial sight and blindness.
Description: Speech-language impairments can impact the way a student communicates. Speech errors include errors when producing specific sounds that are not a result of normal development or language acquisition, dysfluency (stuttering), or motor speech issues. Students may also receive therapy for improving the understanding and use of spoken or written language, pragmatics, and meta-linguistic skills. Students with swallowing disorders or dysphagia can also receive services from speech-language...
Description: "Specific learning disability" means a disorder in one or more of the basic psychological processes involved in understanding or in using language, spoken or written, that may manifest itself in an imperfect ability to listen, think, speak, read, write, spell or do mathematical calculations.
Description: “Deaf-Blindness” means hearing and visual impairments occurring at the same time, the combination of which causes such severe communication and other developmental and educational needs that they cannot be accommodated in special education programs solely for children with deafness or children with blindness.
Description: The term “developmental delay” as a disability category is not as specific as the other categories in the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) and the IDEA regulations.
Description: The Hearing Loss Association of America (HLAA) is the nation’s leading organization representing people with hearing loss. HLAA provides assistance and resources for people with hearing loss and their families to learn how to adjust to living with hearing loss. HLAA is working to eradicate the stigma associated with hearing loss and raise public awareness about the need for prevention and the importance of regular hearing screenings throughout life (hearing impairment)
Description: The purpose of these guidelines is to provide resources and suggestions to enhance the provision of services to students who are deaf or hard of hearing in order to support their educational goals.
Description: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, ADHD, is one of the most common mental disorders that develop in children. Children with ADHD have impaired functioning in multiple settings, including home, school, and in relationships with peers. If untreated, the disorder can have long-term adverse effects into adolescence and adulthood.
Description: Welcome to Disability.gov, the U.S. federal government website for information on disability programs and services nationwide. The site connects people with disabilities, their families and caregivers to helpful resources on topics such as how to apply for disability benefits, find a job, get health care or pay for accessible housing. You can also find organizations in your community to help you get the support you need.
Description: Intellectual disability is a disability characterized by significant limitations both in intellectual functioning (reasoning, learning, problem solving) and in adaptive behavior, which covers a range of everyday social and practical skills. This disability originates before the age of 18.
Description: This brief provides the following: Introduction Step One: Making an Appointment Step Two: Applying for Benefits Step Three: Determining Your Eligibility on the Basis of Disability Step Four: If DDS Cannot Make a Disability Determination (parents/family/families)
Description: Guidance designed primarily for service providers regarding effective early intervention for infants and toddlers who are deaf or hard of hearing, the extensive resource section is beneficial to anyone working with young children and students with hearing loss and their families.
Description: LD OnLine provides a new article called Learning Disabilities: An Overview. This article provides the basic facts to people who are learning about learning disabilities. Please use it to educate others.
Description: Virginia Easy Access is the name of a website developed for seniors, adults with disabilities, their caregivers and the providers that support them. Virginia Easy Access is full of helpful information about services and supports that are available across the Commonwealth. Virginia Easy Access is the gateway to the VirginiaNavigator provider database. The provider database will help people find local services and supports. The database is constantly updated in order to make sure the most...
Description: Canine Companions for Independence® is a national nonprofit organization that enhances the lives of children and adults with disabilities by providing highly-trained assistance dogs and ongoing support to ensure quality partnerships.
Description: Tyler is a typical high school student who happens to have cerebral palsy and some other challenges. He has taken on a mission to educate the world about Ability Awareness. He believes that what a person, any person, CAN do is much more important than what he/she can't. The people in Tyler's life who have seen this and practiced Ability Awareness have made all the difference in the world to him. His mission started as an Eagle Scout Project and has grown to a dream.