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Special Education Process

Is your child Eligible for Special Education Services? When parents or educators notice that a child might need additional support, they can refer the child for possible eligibility for special education. This page offers specific resources to help you through the beginning steps of the Special Education Process.
  • Referral ⁄ Evaluation ⁄ Eligibility
  • Individualized Education Program ⁄ Individual Family Service Plan - The Individualized Education Program (IEP) describes the special education and related services designed to meet the unique needs of a child with disabilities. Parents, school personnel, and often the student receiving special education services develop the IEP jointly. This page provides resources to help develop an effective and appropriate IEP.
  • Instruction & Monitoring - Once a student has an IEP, instruction can begin. This page provides information and resources to help you monitor your child's instruction and progress to ensure that the instructional plans outlined in the IEP are followed.
You may also want to visit the FAQ about Special Education.
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Showing Results 201 - 221 of 221
Description: In the past, the term “severe disability” as a disability category was used in Virginia’s special education regulations although it is not a disability category in the federal Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA).
Description: Response to Intervention (RtI) is viewed by the Virginia Department of Education (VDOE) as a general education process that uses high quality instruction, tiers of interventions and student performance data to help students learn. (August 13, 2009)
Description: The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) 2004 defines secondary transition as a coordinated set of activities designed to be within a results-oriented process, focused on improving the academic achievement and functional performance to facilitate movement from school to post-school activities.
Description: The Virginia Board of Education and Department of Education through its special education regulations revision process officially changed the disability category of mental retardation to intellectual disability.(Fast Fact)
Description: The U.S. Department of Education, Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services (OSERS) has issued a revised Q&A document to provide States, State educational agencies (SEAs), local educational agencies (LEAs), parents, and other stakeholders with information regarding the IDEA requirements relating to individualized education programs (IEPs), evaluations, and reevaluations.
Description: Students who are deaf and hard of hearing must have complete access to all communication in their educational environments to meet the same learning standards as their hearing peers. (Fast Fact, hearing impairment)
Description: The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) 2004 requires that IEPs include a statement of measurable goals, including academic and functional goals designed to meet the child’s needs that result from the disability to enable the child to be involved in and progress in the general curriculum, or for preschool children, as appropriate, to participate in appropriate activities, as well as meet each of the other educational needs that result from the child’s disability. (Fast Facts)
Description: The term “developmental delay” as a disability category is not as specific as the other categories in the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) and the IDEA regulations.
Description: The Board of Education maintains a detailed comprehensive, six-year plan to integrate educational technology into the Standards of Learning and the curricula of the public schools in Virginia. The plan presents a vision for the use of technology in schools and classrooms, and it serves as a blueprint for school divisions by identifying the necessary components of an effective technology program. For 2015-2017, an addendum to the 2010-2015 Plan was developed in order bring the state technology...
Description: The purpose of these guidelines is to provide resources and suggestions to enhance the provision of services to students who are deaf or hard of hearing in order to support their educational goals.
Description: These resources include: Transfer of Rights for Students with Disabilities Upon Reaching the Age of Majority in Virginia (also available in Spanish) Students with Disabilties: Guidelines for Assessment Participation Students with Disabilities: Guidelines for Special Test Accommodations A Parent's Guide to Special Education (also available in Spanish) Your Family's Special Education Rights - Virginia Procedural Safeguards Notice (Spanish, Arabic, Chinese, Urdu, Farsi, Korean, Vietnamese) Extended...
Description: Research shows that students who take part in their own IEP development are more likely to speak up for themselves throughout their lives. The It’s About Me Forms provide easy steps to helps parents, educators and students to ensure that the student has say and control over his or her IEP, education, and future. Students use the help and guidance of an adult to work through six thought-out steps with easy to use tools.
Description: The Virginia Department of Education's Office of Dispute Resolution and Administrative Services has completed the document, “Parents’ Guide to Special Education Dispute Resolution”. It explores the three dispute resolution options of mediation, complaints, and due process. (family/families)
Description: The Virginia Department of Education does not require that schools use this sample IEP format; it is offered as a best practice example. The sample IEP form is divided into two sections. The first section includes those pages that are the foundation of all Elementary IEPs. The second section includes those pages that will be added to the Elementary IEP as needed and sample formats for other purposes.
Description: The Virginia Department of Education does not require that schools use this sample IEP format; it is offered as a best practice example. The sample IEP form is divided into two sections. The first section includes those pages that are the foundation of all IEPs. The second section includes those pages that will be added to the IEP as needed and sample formats for other purposes.
Description: The Section 504 regulations require a school district to provide a "free appropriate public education" (FAPE) to each qualified student with a disability who is in the school district's jurisdiction, regardless of the nature or severity of the disability. Under Section 504, FAPE consists of the provision of regular or special education and related aids and services designed to meet the student's individual educational needs as adequately as the needs of nondisabled students are met. This...
Description: The Zarrow Center for Learning Enrichment facilitates successful secondary and postsecondary educational, vocational and personal outcomes for students and adults with disabilities. ZC faculty, staff, and students do this through self-determination oriented evaluation, research, development, transition education instruction, and dissemination of best educational and support practices. The ZC also prepares undergraduate and graduate students to assume leadership roles in schools, universities,...
Description: Welcome to Disability.gov, the U.S. federal government website for information on disability programs and services nationwide. The site connects people with disabilities, their families and caregivers to helpful resources on topics such as how to apply for disability benefits, find a job, get health care or pay for accessible housing. You can also find organizations in your community to help you get the support you need.  
Description: The Appalachia Regional Comprehensive Center (ARCC) at Edvantia is one of 16 regional comprehensive and 5 content centers that make up the Comprehensive Center Network funded by the U.S. Department of Education. The purpose of the comprehensive centers is to provide state education agencies with intensive technical assistance to address the No Child Left Behind (NCLB) requirements and meet student achievement goals. (Service area includes Virginia.)
Description: The MSRRC is a project within the Human Development Institute (HDI), a University Center for Excellence in Developmental Disabilities, Education, Research and Service. HDI focuses its efforts on improving lifelong opportunities and services for individuals with disabilities, their families and the community. MSRRC provides technical assistance to state early intervention lead agencies, departments of education and other related state agencies in Delaware, District of Columbia, Kentucky,...
Description: The Office for Civil Rights in the United States Department of Education issues this guidance to provide state and local education agencies with information concerning disclosure of disability on report cards and transcripts for students with disabilities attending public elementary and secondary schools.