Special Education Process
Is your child Eligible for Special Education Services? When parents or educators notice that a child might need additional support, they can refer the child for possible eligibility for special education. This page offers specific resources to help you through the beginning steps of the Special Education Process.
- Referral ⁄ Evaluation ⁄ Eligibility
- Individualized Education Program ⁄ Individual Family Service Plan - The Individualized Education Program (IEP) describes the special education and related services designed to meet the unique needs of a child with disabilities. Parents, school personnel, and often the student receiving special education services develop the IEP jointly. This page provides resources to help develop an effective and appropriate IEP.
- Instruction & Monitoring - Once a student has an IEP, instruction can begin. This page provides information and resources to help you monitor your child's instruction and progress to ensure that the instructional plans outlined in the IEP are followed.
You may also want to visit the FAQ about Special Education.
Showing Results 201 - 247 of 247
Description: This is a resource, for state legislators, teachers, parents, or others interested in education, that defines and clarifies the definitions of acronyms routinely found in legislative and policy discussions. (parent)
Description: "Transition to adulthood" is a complex and ongoing process that starts as soon as a child is born and continues as the child becomes an adolescent, to early adult life and then through the stages of adulthood. While this process is complicated at best for any person, the individual with an autism spectrum disorder (ASD) faces unique challenges that require specialized considerations. This set of guides will help the user understand these challenges and raise awareness of these important...
Description: Virginia’s PRCs are committed to facilitating positive parent-school relationships for the benefit of students. PRCs assist parents with questions, problem solving and planning, and provide resources, information and training sessions.
Description: The Secretary issues final regulations governing the Early Intervention Program for Infants and Toddlers with Disabilities. These regulations are needed to reflect changes made to the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, as amended by the Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act of 2004 (Act or IDEA). These regulations are effective on October 28, 2011.
Description: The Balanced Mind Foundation guides families raising children with mood disorders to the answers, support and stability they seek. This includes an Education Corner, where you will learn: how to work effectively with the school team, how federal and state education laws protect your child, who makes the decisions affecting your child’s education, how pediatric bipolar disorder affects learning, and where to turn for more information and assistance. (parent, parents, National Organizations)
Description: The IDEA Partnership is dedicated to improving outcomes for students and youth with disabilities by joining state agencies and stakeholders through shared work and learning. (National Organizations)
Description: The Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services (OSERS) in the U.S. Department of Education (Department) has received requests for clarification of some of these regulations. This is one of a series of question and answer (Q&A) documents prepared by OSERS to address some of the most important issues raised by requests for clarification on a variety of high-interest topics.
Description: This brief document offers suggestions for convening successful IEP meetings. It includes preparation tips for parents and educators.
Description: The interactive GAP Learning Guide was developed to help teens and young adults with hearing loss to better enable and empower themselves as they make significant life transitions. GAP is the first guide of its kind that is interactive and combines the wide spectrum of resource materials used to support self-advocacy for young people with hearing impairment. This is one of the most comprehensive, state of the art resources on self-determination, technology, transition, and access to...
Description: This fact sheet (from The National Early Childhood Technical Assistance Center- NECTAC) provides a brief overview of the Part C program and quick facts from the research on early brain development, the importance of intervening early, the benefits of early intervention, and current unmet needs. It is meant to be used as a tool to communicate with policymakers, pediatricians, families, and community leaders about the importance of high quality services for infants and toddlers with or at risk for...
Description: This PowerPoint presentation from the Virginia Department of Education (VDOE) discusses the development of the Standards-based IEP. (A Standards‐based IEP describes a process in which the IEP team has incorporated state content standards in its development.)
Description: This a booklet designed to help parents of children who have been diagnosed with health or mental health care needs to learn about available resources and to develop a partnership with their children’s schools. It was developed by The HSC Foundation, in partnership with George Washington University’s Graduate School of Education and Human Development. (family/families)
Description: COACH is better than ever! Now with practical updates based on user feedback and a new streamlined format for easier use, the third edition of this bestselling guide can be the key to effective educational planning for students with intensive special education needs in inclusion-oriented schools.
Description: To help special educators and early interventionists in their monumental task of implementing the updated regulations, the Council for Exceptional Children (CEC), its Division for Early Childhood (DEC) and the IDEA Infant Toddler Coordinators Association (ITCA) have released a side-by-side comparison of the 2011 final Part C regulations, published on Sept. 28, to Part C regulations from 1999.
Description: Assistive Technology Consideration Quick Wheel offers federal definitions of AT devices and services as well as a list of the AT tools to consider in content areas and other resources including books, journals, newsletters and internet sites. Special savings for large orders.
Description: This article is about how families of children with disabilities can be equal decision-makers with professionals. (parent,parents)
Description: This resource contains the session descriptions, presentations and handouts from the keynote and break out sessions at the Effective Schoolwide Discipline and Positive Behavior Intervention and Supports Region 4 Conference.
Description: Here you will find information to support your work in helping infants and toddlers with disabilities, ages birth to three, achieve their full potential.
Description: These tip sheets from Harvard Family Research Project are designed to support educators and families in conducting productive, successful parent-teacher conferences. (Available in English and Spanish)
Description: 2009 (FCTD Family Guide) : The Family Information Guide to Assistive Technology and Transition Planning is to help families prepare for those times during which their child moves from one environment to another and from one development stage to another. The focus is on the role of assistive technology during those times.
Description: This book gives the International Reading Association (IRA) and the National Association for the Education of Young Children (NAEYC) joint position statement on “Learning to Read and Write, Developmentally Appropriate Practices for Young Children.” The authors translate the philosophy into teaching practices under eight major themes: the power and pleasure of literacy, the literate environment, language development, building knowledge and comprehension, knowledge of print, types of...
Description: This publication is intended to improve the quality of early childhood programs by identifying best practices for supporting child growth and development from birth to kindergarten.
Description: PACER’s Early Childhood Family Information and Resources Project gives parents of children ages birth through 5 years the confidence, knowledge, and skills they need to help their children obtain the education, health care, and other services they deserve. In Minnesota, special education services for children with disabilities are mandated by law beginning at birth. By federal and state law, families must be involved in the planning, development, and implementation of comprehensive...
Description: This document is intended to be used by school divisions as a framework for the development of assistive technology operating guidelines tailored to local resources and service delivery models and should be used in conjunction with federal and state regulations. (November 2008)
Description: A first-time diagnosis of autism in a child can be an overwhelming and stressful time for parents and families. My Next Steps: A Parent's Guide to Understanding Autism serves as a roadmap for parents dealing with this challenging period and seeks to provide answers to the many questions that arise during the journey from autism diagnosis to treatment. The DVD is produced by the University of Washington Autism Center and funded by Washington State legislature. Through interviews with experts and...
Description: In the past, the term “severe disability” as a disability category was used in Virginia’s special education regulations although it is not a disability category in the federal Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA).
Description: Response to Intervention (RtI) is viewed by the Virginia Department of Education (VDOE) as a general education process that uses high quality instruction, tiers of interventions and student performance data to help students learn. (August 13, 2009)
Description: The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) 2004 defines secondary transition as a coordinated set of activities designed to be within a results-oriented process, focused on improving the academic achievement and functional performance to facilitate movement from school to post-school activities.
Description: The Virginia Board of Education and Department of Education through its special education regulations revision process officially changed the disability category of mental retardation to intellectual disability.(Fast Fact)
Description: The U.S. Department of Education, Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services (OSERS) has issued a revised Q&A document to provide States, State educational agencies (SEAs), local educational agencies (LEAs), parents, and other stakeholders with information regarding the IDEA requirements relating to individualized education programs (IEPs), evaluations, and reevaluations.
Description: Students who are deaf and hard of hearing must have complete access to all communication in their educational environments to meet the same learning standards as their hearing peers. (Fast Fact, hearing impairment)
Description: The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) 2004 requires that IEPs include a statement of measurable goals, including academic and functional goals designed to meet the child’s needs that result from the disability to enable the child to be involved in and progress in the general curriculum, or for preschool children, as appropriate, to participate in appropriate activities, as well as meet each of the other educational needs that result from the child’s disability. (Fast Facts)
Description: The term “developmental delay” as a disability category is not as specific as the other categories in the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) and the IDEA regulations.
Description: The Board of Education maintains a detailed comprehensive, six-year plan to integrate educational technology into the Standards of Learning and the curricula of the public schools in Virginia. The plan presents a vision for the use of technology in schools and classrooms, and it serves as a blueprint for school divisions by identifying the necessary components of an effective technology program. For 2015-2017, an addendum to the 2010-2015 Plan was developed in order bring the state technology...
Description: The purpose of these guidelines is to provide resources and suggestions to enhance the provision of services to students who are deaf or hard of hearing in order to support their educational goals.
Description: These resources include: Transfer of Rights for Students with Disabilities Upon Reaching the Age of Majority in Virginia (also available in Spanish) Students with Disabilties: Guidelines for Assessment Participation Students with Disabilities: Guidelines for Special Test Accommodations A Parent's Guide to Special Education (also available in Spanish) Your Family's Special Education Rights - Virginia Procedural Safeguards Notice (Spanish, Arabic, Chinese, Urdu, Farsi, Korean, Vietnamese) Extended...
Description: Research shows that students who take part in their own IEP development are more likely to speak up for themselves throughout their lives. The It’s About Me Forms provide easy steps to helps parents, educators and students to ensure that the student has say and control over his or her IEP, education, and future. Students use the help and guidance of an adult to work through six thought-out steps with easy to use tools.
Description: The Virginia Department of Education's Office of Dispute Resolution and Administrative Services has completed the document, “Parents’ Guide to Special Education Dispute Resolution”. It explores the three dispute resolution options of mediation, complaints, and due process. (family/families)
Description: The Virginia Department of Education does not require that schools use this sample IEP format; it is offered as a best practice example. The sample IEP form is divided into two sections. The first section includes those pages that are the foundation of all Elementary IEPs. The second section includes those pages that will be added to the Elementary IEP as needed and sample formats for other purposes.
Description: The Virginia Department of Education does not require that schools use this sample IEP format; it is offered as a best practice example. The sample IEP form is divided into two sections. The first section includes those pages that are the foundation of all IEPs. The second section includes those pages that will be added to the IEP as needed and sample formats for other purposes.
Description: The Section 504 regulations require a school district to provide a "free appropriate public education" (FAPE) to each qualified student with a disability who is in the school district's jurisdiction, regardless of the nature or severity of the disability. Under Section 504, FAPE consists of the provision of regular or special education and related aids and services designed to meet the student's individual educational needs as adequately as the needs of nondisabled students are met. This...
Description: The Zarrow Center for Learning Enrichment facilitates successful secondary and postsecondary educational, vocational and personal outcomes for students and adults with disabilities. ZC faculty, staff, and students do this through self-determination oriented evaluation, research, development, transition education instruction, and dissemination of best educational and support practices. The ZC also prepares undergraduate and graduate students to assume leadership roles in schools, universities,...
Description: Welcome to Disability.gov, the U.S. federal government website for information on disability programs and services nationwide. The site connects people with disabilities, their families and caregivers to helpful resources on topics such as how to apply for disability benefits, find a job, get health care or pay for accessible housing. You can also find organizations in your community to help you get the support you need.
Description: The Appalachia Regional Comprehensive Center (ARCC) at Edvantia is one of 16 regional comprehensive and 5 content centers that make up the Comprehensive Center Network funded by the U.S. Department of Education. The purpose of the comprehensive centers is to provide state education agencies with intensive technical assistance to address the No Child Left Behind (NCLB) requirements and meet student achievement goals. (Service area includes Virginia.)
Description: The MSRRC is a project within the Human Development Institute (HDI), a University Center for Excellence in Developmental Disabilities, Education, Research and Service. HDI focuses its efforts on improving lifelong opportunities and services for individuals with disabilities, their families and the community. MSRRC provides technical assistance to state early intervention lead agencies, departments of education and other related state agencies in Delaware, District of Columbia, Kentucky,...
Description: The Office for Civil Rights in the United States Department of Education issues this guidance to provide state and local education agencies with information concerning disclosure of disability on report cards and transcripts for students with disabilities attending public elementary and secondary schools.
Description: The Building the Legacy training curriculum is intended to help all those involved with children with disabilities understand and implement the IDEA 2004, the nation’s special education law.