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Classroom Assessment Scoring System™ (CLASS™) Manual, K-3 (2008) By Robert C. Pianta, Ph.D., Karen M. La Paro, Ph.D., and Bridget K. Hamre, Ph.D.


Effective teacher–student interactions are a primary ingredient of high-quality early educational experiences. With the popular CLASS® observational tool, schools can accurately assess classroom quality in K–3 classrooms based on teacher–student interactions rather than the physical environment or a specific curriculum.


Assessment Curriculum/Instructional Methods Early Childhood Elementary Instructional Strategies Social/Emotional