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Behavior

When a child exhibits challenging behaviors, it can have an impact on the whole family. This page of the website will contain resources about Positive Behavioral Interventions and Supports (PBIS) and other strategies that may be helpful for families.
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Showing Results 1 - 50 of 380
Description: Resilience: Information to help you develop your self-awareness and ability to bounce back during times of stress and change. A psychologist’s science-based tips for emotional resilience during the corona crisis Making Sure Your Stress isn’t contagious Build Your Resilience in the Face of a Crisis Well-Being and Self-Care: Resources to help you focus on your own well-being so that you can stay healthy mentally, emotionally, and physically during the coronavirus outbreak. Four Ways to...
Description: Most school districts have closed during the COVID-19/coronavirus pandemic, leaving both parents and teachers looking for help. Teachers have been tasked with figuring out how to deliver lesson plans and classroom activities as part of distance learning. Parents are trying to keep students on track with their studies and educational growth. We are here with a growing list of online learning resources. And to make it better, many companies are choosing to make their products free for schools,...
Description: The Collaborative for Academic, Social, and Emotional Learning (CASEL) is a trusted source for knowledge about high-quality, evidence-based social and emotional learning (SEL). CASEL supports educators and policy leaders and enhances the experiences and outcomes for all PreK-12 students. Our work is critical at a time when educators, parents, students, and employers increasingly recognize the value of SEL. Together, we are united in our call for schools to educate the whole child, equipping...
Description: One of the key principles of Positive Behavioral Interventions and Supports (PBIS) is to focus on building prosocial skills, not simply attempting to eliminate challenging or problem behavior. We encourage all schools to continue that focus, as well as other key principles of PBIS, as you address the COVID-19 pandemic. The following are a few simple recommendations educators can embed across a continuum of supports. Prompt, teach, and reinforce “wash, cover, clean, and maintain distance...
Description: NCII is housed at the American Institutes for Research, and works in conjunction with many of our nation's most distinguished data-based individualization (DBI) experts. It is funded by the U.S. Department of Education's Office of Special Education Programs (OSEP) and is part of OSEP's Technical Assistance and Dissemination Network (TA&D). The Mission of the NCII is to build capacity of state and local education agencies, universities, practitioners, and other stakeholders to support...
Description: All children and young adults require support from caregivers during times of stress and uncertainty, such as those we are facing now with the spread of the coronavirus (COVID-19). Coping with the unknown and navigating school closures, abrupt changes in routines, loss of connections with teachers and friends, and fear around contracting the virus- are burdens for all, and caregivers play an important role in helping children and young adults understand the changes and process their related...
Description: Many parents are wondering how to bring up the epidemic in a way that will be reassuring and not make kids more worried than they already may be. Here is some advice from the experts at the Child Mind Institute. Don’t be afraid to discuss the coronavirus. Most children will have already heard about the virus or seen people wearing face masks, so parents shouldn’t avoid talking about it. Not talking about something can actually make kids worry more. Look at the conversation...
Description: "The COVID-19 pandemic is understandably causing worry and fear for youth, families, and educators. Each person’s feelings are different; our needs are too. Some crave structure; others prefer freedom to be and feel, rest, connect, play, create, read, or learn in self-directed ways. Caregivers may want to hold children close. Some kids may want that too; other young people are desperate for freedom and time with their friends. The purpose of this post is to encourage everyone to trust...
Description: These English and Spanish Booklets contain COVID-19 Information By and For People with Disabilities.
Description: The Our Lives: Safe and Strong Program Toolkit is a set of two web-based tools for abuse awareness, support, and safety planning. One is specialized to the abuse experiences of male-identified individuals, and the other for female-identified individuals. The programs feature people with diverse disabilities and identities speaking about their own abuse experiences. These tools can be used privately, or in the company of a trusted person(s). They can be used as educational information for the...
Description: The K-12 Inclusive Practices Guide is an informational resource to support school divisions and parents looking to improve outcomes for students with disabilities by meeting their needs to the maximum extent possible in general education setting.
Description: The holidays are hectic. And if your child has ADHD, it can create extra challenges. Here are some tips to make the season easier to manage. 1. Pick and choose holiday events. 2. Give your child a heads-up. 3. Explain the “house rules” of wherever you go. 4. Check in with your child at events.  5. Find an escape space.  And more...
Description: The Virginia Community School Framework (VCSF) seeks to remove nonacademic barriers to learning as a means to enhance student academic success. Community schools vigorously pursue equity by creating opportunities, empowering communities, providing wrap-around services, and meeting students where they are, every day. Policies, practices, and supports allow for flexibility that put students first. The VCSF aligns with the Virginia Department of Education’s commitment to maximizing the...
Description: This guide is designed to support professionals and families in understanding assistive technology (AT) and identifying possible AT tools for students from preschool through high school. “I have severe dyslexia and it's hard for me to read and write. In the eighth grade, I could not write down a single word. The first time I used a program with voice recognition, I wrote a whole short story. Using AT means I can do things myself and I don't have to depend on someone else to help me.”...
Description: Checklist for Kinship Caregivers Are you raising or providing primary care for a child or youth of a relative or family friend? This checklist is for kinship caregivers who are enrolling students and working with schools. Checklist for Schools Working with Kinship Caregivers Are you working with families of students living with extended family or relatives who are not their parents? This checklist is for school staff who work with kinship caregivers and clarifies key information for both the...
Description: Microsoft Accessibility includes resource for: Learning: Our applications for people living with learning disabilities can help increase focus, concentration, and understanding—and include tools to improve reading and writing skills. Mobility: Our suite of products helps people living with arthritis, quadriplegia, spinal cord injuries, and other mobility issues to navigate the digital world in non-traditional ways. Mental Health: Learn more about assistive technologies for people living...
Description: The OSEP Technical Assistance Center on Positive Behavioral Interventions and Supports (PBIS) was initially funded in 1998.  In October of 2018 a new five-year funding cycle was launched. The purpose of the new Center is to improve the capacity of SEAs, LEAs, and schools to establish, scale-up, and sustain the PBIS framework to (a) scale up tier 2 and 3 systems to improve outcomes for students with or at-risk for disabilities, (b) enhance school climate and school safety, and (c) improve...
Description: Making friends requires skills that don’t come naturally to children with ADHD. Learn how teaching conversation courtesy at home and working with teachers to develop small group experiences can help. Soutions in the Classroom Keep in mind that a child with ADHD may lag in social maturity.  Post rules for proper behavior and guidelines for respecting each person’s space, words, and ideas. Hold class meetings that focus on social skills.  Arrange positive small-group...
Description: Schools can play a key role in suicide prevention. The task of all professionals involved in and dedicated to the education of children is to help prevent death by suicide whenever possible. When school personnel, families, and communities take an active role in suicide prevention lives can be saved. The Virginia Department of Education (VDOE) has partnered with the Virginia Department of Health (VDH) to raise awareness about the Suicide Prevention Month Educational Campaign in September. In...
Description: Shaken Baby Syndrome/Abusive Head Trauma (SBS/AHT) is a term used to describe the constellation of signs and symptoms resulting from violent shaking or shaking and impacting of the head of an infant or small child. The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) describes SBS as a subset of AHT with injuries having the potential to result in death or permanent neurologic disability. Can Tossing My Baby in the Air or Rough Play Cause SBS? SBS is a form of child abuse that happens when an infant or small...
Description: What is it? This guide is for special education teachers and transition planners who serve students with EBD. For the purposes of this guide, EBD includes: students that are formally identified as having an EBD, students identified as having Other Health Impairment (OHI); students with IEPs who have behavioral goals; and/ or students with 504 plans for whom teachers are providing extra behavioral and emotional support. This is a guide for involving adult community agencies during the critical...
Description: What is it? This is a guide on how to aid students with emotional or behavioral disturbances (EBD) to lead their Individualized Educational Program (IEP) meetings during high school. For the purposes of this manual, a student-led IEP is an IEP where a student with an EBD holds a leadership role during the IEP meeting, and actively participates in the writing, creation, and implementation of the IEP, including its transition component. This guide will outline steps and activities needed to...
Description: What is it? This is a guide about how to include Career and Technical Education (CTE) into the transition plans of high school students with Emotional or Behavioral Disorders (EBD). It can be used as a roadmap and reference for steps to take and activities to engage in when planning for and incorporating CTE courses into the transition component of Individualized Education Plans (IEP). This document brings together existing tools and creates a continuum for how to braid them together into a...
Description: A parent-child behavior contract can be helpful for kids with learning and attention issues who have trouble with things like frustration, self-control and lying. The best contracts include steps you and your child will take to help replace an inappropriate behavior with a more appropriate one. The contracts can also help you have an ongoing conversation about behavior. The key to building a successful behavior contract is getting your child’s input. Helping shape the...
Description: Launched in February 2003, Ready is a National public service campaign designed to educate and empower the American people to prepare for, respond to and mitigate emergencies, including natural and man-made disasters. The goal of the campaign is to promote preparedness through public involvement. Ready asks individuals to do four key things: (1) stay informed about the different types of emergencies that could occur and their appropriate responses (2) make a family emergency plan and (3) build...
Description: In January of 2019, the Board approved the newly revised Model Guidance for Positive, Preventive Code of Student Conduct Policy and Alternatives to Suspension, which is now available on the Virginia Department of Education, Student Support and Conduct webpage. The document is a blueprint for local school boards and provides multiple resources to assist school divisions in the revision of local policies regarding student discipline. The Model Guidance document represents a significant shift in...
Description: The National Clearinghouse on Autism Evidence and Practice (NCAEP) is conducting a systematic review of the current intervention literature targeting individuals on the autism spectrum. NCAEP is a continuation of the evidence review that was completed by the National Professional Development Center on Autism Spectrum Disorders (NPDC) which included research published through 2011. We will review research studies published in the last six years (2012-2017) which examine the impact of behavioral,...
Description: KnowBullying is a free mobile app that puts the power to prevent bullying in your hands. Find simple conversation starters to prevent bullying and help your child build resilience. For individuals at risk of suicide, primary and behavioral health care settings provide unique opportunities to connect with the health care system and access effective treatment. Suicide Safe is a free mobile app that helps providers integrate suicide prevention strategies into their practice and address suicide risk...
Description: Educators, policymakers, researchers and families agree: a high-quality preschool program can build early literacy and math skills, as well as develop the social and emotional foundation that children need to persist in school. But young children—whether in Head Start, public pre-kindergarten or in a private program—only receive the full effect of these benefits if they show up for class regularly. How do you go about improving attendance in the preschool years? It starts with...
Description: Navigating the holidays can be hard for many kids with learning and attention issues. Kids often face demands during the holidays that they might not normally face. Large gatherings. Long meals. Interactions with different people in new situations. And for some, there are unspoken (or even spoken) comparisons to other kids. These demands don’t only make holidays stressful. They can also lead to behavior issues. One way to avoid problem behavior is to help your child...
Description: The aim of a trauma-informed classroom is to infuse an understanding of the impact of trauma and adverse life experiences on students into the classroom culture and promote a physically and psychologically safe  environment to foster student growth. More specifically, psychological safety refers to individuals’ inner sense that they are safe because of their ability to feel capable of managing stressors or connecting with someone else who can help the individual manage stressors that...
Description: Project Lifesaver is a 501 (C)(3) community based, public safety, non-profit organization that provides law enforcement, fire/rescue, and caregivers with a program designed to protect, and when necessary, quickly locate individuals with cognitive disorders who are prone to the life threatening behavior of wandering. The necessity of this program was determined through the correlation between cognitive conditions and the act of wandering.  With the dramatic increase of cognitive conditions...
Description: Legislation enacted July 1, 2018, directed the Virginia Department of Education to define “aggravating circumstances” concerning suspension of students. The Virginia Department of Education staff and multiple stakeholder groups collaborated to create the following definition: For the purposes of §22.1-277 and §22.1-277.05 of the Code of Virginia, “aggravating circumstances” shall mean:        ...
Description: Giving your child with ADHD a cell phone can be risky. Kids with ADHD can be impulsive or distractible. They may have trouble with time management. Having a cell phone contract is a good way to manage some of the challenges these issues may create. It can also help you make sure you and your child both know your responsibilities for the phone. What Is a Cell Phone Contract? A cell phone contract is an agreement that outlines what you and your child will do to make sure she takes care...
Description: This Formed Families Resource Directory provides information about programs and services offered in Northern Virginia to support families formed by adoption, foster care and kinship care who are raising children and youth with disabilities and other special needs. This directory is provided as a free service to individuals and other organizations and agencies. It covers the areas of Alexandria, Arlington County, Fairfax County, Loudoun County, and Prince William County. Some entries are listed...
Description: We are a non-profit organization dedicated to supporting foster, kinship, and adoptive families of children and youth with disabilities and other special needs. We serve families, educators and child welfare professionals in the Northern Virginia area. Formed Families Forward’s mission is to improve developmental, educational, social, emotional and post-secondary outcomes for children and youth with disabilities and other special needs through provision of information, training and support...
Description: Parents of children with Down syndrome and other intellectual disabilities are accustomed to paying close attention to their child's physical, cognitive, and emotional development. This proactive approach should also include their child's sexual development, which for many parents may not seem as obvious or urgent, especially to those with young children. Drawing on her unique background as both a sexual educator and mother of a child with Down syndrome, the author blends factual...
Description: How is summer already over? It seems that it’s only just begun. The reality is the kids will be back to middle and high school before the last sip of summer is had. And with the new year, there are often new challenges. As many say, “Little kids, little problems. Big kids, big problems.” But mental health issues that are diagnosed and treated early have the best prognosis and do not have to become “big problems.”. As our children grow into tweens and teens, there is...
Description: Khan Academy offers practice exercises, instructional videos, and a personalized learning dashboard that empower learners to study at their own pace in and outside of the classroom. We tackle math, science, computer programming, history, art history, economics, and more. Our math missions guide learners from kindergarten to calculus using state-of-the-art, adaptive technology that identifies strengths and learning gaps. We've also partnered with institutions like NASA, The Museum of Modern Art,...
Description: Every year, 1.2 million children under 6 years old experience homelessness in the United States. Many of these children are in early childhood education programs. Explore this tip sheet to learn how homelessness impacts various areas of health and wellness. Discover ways to identify and assess the needs of families experiencing homelessness and connect them to medical and dental homes. Also, find resources and supports to connect families to health and wellness providers. When working with...
Description: This includes: A free monthly Webinar, A 1-minute Insight Video, Free Counseling Insights Handouts (Safety and Wellness Plan, Goal Setting, Informal Suicide Risk Assessment and Identifying Emotions), Free Handouts (Examples include: Mindful Breathing Tips, Myths about Suicide, Healthy Habit Log, Crisis Response Log, and more), Free Manual (Subscribe to our newsletter and receive a free download of our 52 page Anxiety – Practical Intervention Strategies resource manual)
Description: When school is out, tweens and teens may have to adjust to new experiences and expectations. Parenting Coach has tips for helping with social, emotional and behavioral challenges. Check out these strategies for common summertime trouble spots. Too Much Screen Time Long Lonely Days Stressful Summer Job Late Nights Anxiety About Camp Risky Behavior      
Description: When a child is using your computer, normal safeguards and security practices may not be sufficient. Children present additional challenges because of their natural characteristics: innocence, curiosity, desire for independence, and fear of punishment. You need to consider these characteristics when determining how to protect your data and the child. You may think that because the child is only playing a game, or researching a term paper, or typing a homework assignment, he or she can't cause...
Description: Find government information on education including primary, secondary, and higher education. Child Care and Related Issues College and Higher Education Financial Aid for Students How to Study in the United States Librairies and Archives Manage and Repay Student Loans Military Colleges and Academies Resources for Teachers
Description: Resilience has often been defined as the ability to bounce back in times of adversity and to develop in a positive way when faced with setbacks (Dillen, 2012; Masten, 2009). Children routinely show high amounts of resilience mostly because of temperament and a built-in sense of autonomy. Children are able to overcome adversity to bounce back before social and emotional harm is done, even after being exposed to extreme risks. Dr. Ken Ginsburg, a contemporary resilience expert, wrote that...
Description: A growing body of research has made it increasingly apparent that adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) are a critical public health issue. ACEs are potentially traumatic experiences and events, ranging from abuse and neglect to living with an adult with a mental illness. They can have negative, lasting effects on health and well-being in childhood or later in life.1 However, more important than exposure to any specific event of this type is the accumulation of multiple adversities during...
Description: Childhood trauma is common. More than two thirds of children in the United States experience a traumatic event or circumstances—such as abuse or neglect, death of a loved one, or community violence—by the time they turn 16. Young children in particular are disproportionately exposed to traumatic events and circumstances. Children exposed to trauma may display heightened aggression, impulsivity, or poor social skills. They often struggle...
Description: The Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) is the agency within the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services that leads public health efforts to advance the behavioral health of the nation. SAMHSA's mission is to reduce the impact of substance abuse and mental illness on America's communities. SAMHSA Strategic Initiatives help provide treatment and services for people with mental and substance use disorders, support the families of people with mental and substance...
Description: What is Restorative Practices? All humans are hardwired to connect. Just as we need food, shelter and clothing, human beings also need strong and meaningful relationships to thrive. Restorative practices is an emerging social science that studies how to strengthen relationships between individuals as well as social connections within communities. Restorative practices is being applied in the following settings: K-12 and Higher Education Community Health Organizational Leadership Criminal Justice...
Description: The Trauma and Learning Policy Initiative’s (TLPI) mission is to ensure that children traumatized by exposure to family violence and other adverse childhood experiences succeed in school.  To accomplish this mission, TLPI engages in a host of advocacy strategies including: providing support to schools to become trauma sensitive environments;  research and report writing;  legislative and administrative advocacy for laws, regulations and policies that support schools to...