When a child exhibits challenging behaviors, it can have an impact on the whole family. This page of the website will contain resources about Positive Behavioral Interventions and Supports (PBIS) and other strategies that may be helpful for families.
- Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA)
- Challenging Behavior
- Mental Health
- Positive Behavior Interventions and Supports (PBIS)
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Description: The Center on the Developing Child at Harvard University has created an interactive online tool, Five Numbers to Remember About Early Childhood Development, which highlights five numbers that illustrate the importance of early childhood to learning, behavior, and health later in life. A "flip chart" PDF version of this tool is also available for downloading.
Description: Autism NOW Center’s fact sheets on topics of importance to people with autism spectrum disorders and other developmental disabilities are a resource you and your family members, as well as educators, employers, physicians and others, can use to get information in an easy-to-read and understand format. Topics include: Employment, Future Planning, Individualized Education Programs (IEPs), Relationships and Sexuality, Self-Advocacy and Social Security. (Spanish: Empleo, Planear el Futuro,...
Description: This section includes information on: Accommodations Assessment Assistive Technology Behavior and Discipline Child Find Critical Area Self-Assessment Questions Disability Specific Documents Educational Interpreters English Language Learners Extended School Year Services Funding and Grants Health Guidance IEP Inclusion Resources Instruction Paraprofessional Prior Written Notice Parent Involvement Section 504 Resources Secondary Transition Services
Description: This site offers free tools and resources to help school staff and parents promote positive classroom behaviors and foster effective learning for all children and youth. (Parents, parent, Behavior, Math, Reading)
Description: The Virginia Tiered Systems of Supports (VTSS) is a framework and philosophy that provides resources and support to help every student to be successful in academics and behavior. It begins with systemic change at the division, school and classroom level that utilizes evidence-based, system-wide practices to provide a quick response to academic and behavioral needs. These practices include frequent progress-monitoring that enable educators to make sound, data-based instructional decisions for...
Description: The What Works Clearinghouse (WWC) reviews the existing research on different programs, products, practices, and policies in education. Our goal is to provide educators with the information they need to make evidence-based decisions. We focus on the results from high-quality research to answer the question “What works in education?” Topics include: Literacy, Mathematics, Science, Behavior, Children and Youth with Disabilities, English Learners, Teacher...
Description: This contains Apps for Communication, Cognitive Differences, Restricted Patterns of Behavior, Interests, and Activities, Social, Sensory Differences, Emotional Vulnerability, Motor Differences, Known Medical or Other Biological Factors and Other Resources. (Ohio Center for Autism and Low Incidence, OCALI)
Description: The Brain Injury Association of Virginia have updated this guide for educators that includes the following sections: Brain Injury 101, The Student with TBI: AN Overview, Educational Implications, Transition, Family and Special Education.
Description: 2013 conference presentations and materials are available for download from the conference program.
Description: After choosing your state, all the listings in that state will appear. Once you click on a category, you will be asked to enter a zip code in the state you picked. After you enter your zip code and hit the enter key, a map of all the listings of that category in the state will appear.
Description: With FamilySignal, you’ll see your entire family on a map. We’ll alert you when people arrive or leave locations that you choose. Children can send their locations with a single tap. We call it Touch Base. Our Panic Button alerts you — and authorities, if needed — in case of an emergency.
Description: An easy-to-read booklet on Bipolar Disorder in children and teens that explains what it is, when it starts and how to get help. (NIMH- National Institute of Mental Health)
Description: The National Center on Cultural and Linguistic Responsiveness provides the Head Start community with research-based information, practices, and strategies to ensure optimal academic and social progress for linguistically and culturally diverse children and their families. (National Organization)
Description: These webinars cover a variety of topics, including toileting, nutrition/feeding, transition to adult life, health, healing, and siblings, are presented in conjunction with the Johnson Center for Child Health & Development.
Description: The purpose of this checklist is to help teachers and parents design environments, materials, and interactions that will promote optimal motivation and engagement in learning. Each section correlates with Virginia’s Foundation Blocks for Early Learning and provides strategies for adults to use that will create the highest quality preschool experiences for each child. (Virginia Department of Education, VDOE)
Description: Prepared by Office of Humanities and Early Childhood, Virginia Department of Education (VDOE), the purpose of this document is to provide early childhood educators a set of minimum standards in literacy, mathematics, science, history and social science, health and physical development, personal and social development, music, and the visual arts, with indicators of success for entering kindergarten that are derived from scientifically-based research.
Description: New Directions helps students attend universities,?community colleges, and technical and vocational schools. Students live independently in apartments located ?within the same living space as the New Directions offices/staff and receive intensive support to achieve their goals in all facets of life. New Directions is a comprehensive program that provides structured tutoring so as to enhance academic skills; facilitates group outings to develop social skills; and provides instruction in...
Description: This Adolescent Health Highlight presents key research findings on characteristics that are associated with resilience; describes program strategies that promote resilience; discusses links between resilience and avoidance of risk-taking behaviors; and provides helpful resources on the topic of resilience.
Description: By all accounts, students who exhibit learning and behavior problems pose a real challenge to school personnel. One way to improve the educational outcomes for these students is to ensure that all teachers possess the knowledge and skills required to address the myriad challenges of daily classroom management and instruction. In that the Virginia Department of Education is committed to providing all students the best possible education, in collaboration with the Training and Technical Assistance...
Description: PBIS of Virginia is a Commonwealth of Virginia initiative to support positive academic and behavioral outcomes for all students. This web site is a collection of resources, tools, training opportunities and similar guides for educators and school administrators.
Description: This extremely practical, accessible book offers a strong, evidence-based approach to promoting engagement in preschoolers. Readers will find detailed, concrete strategies—field tested in more than 30 preschools—to help them. (2008)
Description: The statement that “knowledge is power” is especially true for parents who want to be effective advocates for their children with disabilities. To make sure parents have the information they need most, PACER conducted a survey, and nearly a thousand people responded. Given a list of choices, parents of children from each age group indicated their top three concerns. This PACER Action Sheet provides a selection of helpful information to address each topic from a variety of national and statewide...
Description: Think:Kids is the home of the Collaborative Problem Solving (CPS) approach. For more than a decade, the CPS model has been used with children with a wide range of social, emotional, and behavioral challenges across a variety of different settings: from families, schools, mentoring organizations and foster care agencies to therapeutic programs such as inpatient psychiatry units, residential treatment and juvenile detention facilities. As applied to challenging kids, the model sets forth two major...
Description: This link includes the conference sessions and downloadable materials from the 8th Annual Special Education Conference (Fairfax County Public Schools). Topics include: transition (post-secondary, preschool), executive functioning, reading (middle and high school), medicaid waivers, online textbooks, ADHD, Apps, depression and suicide prevention, bullying, stress, inclusion, mathematics, dyslexia, mentoring, communication to enhance the IEP Process, Down Syndrome, VA Assessment options, child...
Description: NSTeens resources empower tweens (children ages 8 - 12) to make safer online choices through lessons taught in a series of animated videos highlighting the Internet-related adventures of a diverse cast of teenagers. Educators may reinforce the videos’ safety lessons through the use of accompanying activity cards. (The site is available in Spanish.)
Description: The George Lucas Educational Foundation is dedicated to improving the K-12 learning process by documenting, disseminating, and advocating innovative, replicable, and evidence-based strategies that prepare students to thrive in their future education, careers, and adult lives.
Description: This page includes resources about Autism in a number of languages (Arabic, Bangla, Bosnian, Cambodian, Chinese, French, Greek, Korean, Loatian, Portuguese, Russian, Serbian, Somali, Spanish, Vietmanese). Other languages are coming soon (Japanese, Persian, Romanian). Resources vary by language and more are being added.
Description: The DVD, a key component of the “Autism in the Schoolhouse” initiative, is designed to provide general education teachers with strategies for supporting their middle and high school students with autism. There are 4 Segments: 1. Characteristics, 2. Integrating Supports in the Classroom, 3. Practices for Challenging Behavior and 4. Effective Use of Teacher Supports. (The segments are available for viewing through YouTube.)
Description: Some of the top researchers in the country offer helpful tips and concepts to help you work with young children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). The tips are based on concepts of learning and development that can be worked into everyday routines. Each tip describes a concept, why the concept is important, and a step-by step description of how to work these simple concepts into everyday routines. (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Children and Families, National...
Description: This guide, from the Brain Injury Association of Virginia, includes sections on: What is a Brain Injury? (Symptoms & Causes), A Partnership Approach, Screening Questions and a chart with Brain Injury Deficit Management Strategies. (Accommodations)
Description: The National Center has a mission: “To educate and train parents and professionals, and to conduct research that will prevent the shaking and abuse of infants in the United States”. Shaken baby syndrome (SBS) is the leading cause of death in abusive head trauma (AHT) cases. An estimated 1,200 to 1,400 children are injured or killed by shaking every year in the United States. (National Organization)
Description: "Your Family's Special Education Rights" identifies key parts of the “Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act of 2004” (IDEA), a federal law governing the education of students with disabilities. IDEA 2004 requires that families be informed of their special education rights, including how families and schools can resolve problems. This document is available in Arabic (PDF), Chinese (PDF), English (PDF), Urdu (PDF), Farsi (PDF), Korean (PDF), Spanish (PDF), and...
Description: Many of your child’s behaviors may not make obvious sense—they don’t seem to serve any clear purpose. By paying attention differently to these actions, you may be able to notice clues you didn’t see before, and find a more effective way to help your child.
Description: This information sheet is provided to help you recognize and understand sports concussion. Neurologists from the American Academy of Neurology (AAN) are doctors who identify and treat diseases of the brain and nervous system. The following evidence-based information* is provided by experts who carefully reviewed all available scientific studies on evaluating and managing sports concussion in athletes. Concussion is a serious health issue.
Description: When a child reaches puberty, families may view this time with mixed feelings. It may be that of pride that their child is developing into an adult, or families may view this period with trepidation, feeling unsure of how to explain all the changes to their child. For an adolescent with an Autism Spectrum Disorder, the physical changes that indicate increasing maturity can be quite out of place with where the individual is at in other aspects of their development, such as academic and social...
Description: The purpose of this study was to examine the efficacy of personal digital assistants (PDAs) as task management tools in a sample of transition-age high school students with autism. Gentry, T., Wallace, J., Kvarfordt, C. & Lynch, K. (2010). Personal digital assistants as cognitive aids for high school students with autism: Results of a community-based trial. Journal of Vocational Rehabilitation, 32(2), 101-107.
Description: This presentation provided a brief overview of the research regarding the outcomes of adults with ASD and discussed the primary areas of concern for this group, including employment, residential living, social interactions, and community integration.
Description: The Pyramid Plus Center works to improve the social and emotional competence and inclusion of young children through the Pyramid Plus Approach: embedded inclusion practices along the entire developmental continuum (Birth – 5 years) within the Pyramid Model framework. This approach builds on the work of the Center on the Social and Emotional Foundations for Early Learning (CSEFEL), the Technical Assistance Center on Social Emotional Interventions (TACSEI), and the SpecialQuest Approach and...
Description: CIPR (Center for Parent Information and Resources) is pleased to connect you with sources of information for helping children who have behavior challenges. Because "behavior" is such a huge topic, we've divided the subject up into 5 separate pages: Behavior Expertise, Behavior Assessment, Plans, and Positive Supports, Behavior at Home, Behavior at School and Bullying.
Description: This is a handout from the Brain Injury Association of Virginia.
Description: Everywhere they turn, parents of children with autism spectrum disorder are bombarded with treatment choices—all of which claim to be effective. This manual is designed to support parents as they make decisions about their child’s treatment. It discusses the complexity of diagnostic evaluations for children on the autism spectrum, identifies and describes effective treatments, and outlines the importance of professional judgment and using data to guide treatment decisions. Other...
Description: In an effort to ease the fears of and provide encouragement to all people with individuals with autism in their lives, Autism Speaks has created 4 support tool kits, each designed specifically for the following groups: Parents, Siblings, Grandparents and Friends. The purpose of each kit is to help teach family members and friends more about autism and its effects on families, and provide resources and support to enable them to lead happy and successful lives with their loved ones with autism.
Description: Psychologists, working with law enforcement officers, have devised tools to prevent violent attacks. The Path to Violence details a powerfully effective Secret Service program - the Safe School Initiative - that's helped schools detect problem behavior.
Description: Special Olympics Virginia is a year-round program of sports training and athletic competition for children and adults with intellectual disabilities. We serve more than 11,000 athletes through seven regional offices and 30 area programs. We are one of 52 U.S. programs, and part of a global movement that serves more than 3.7 million athletes in more than 170 counties.
Description: The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) is the key federal education law that serves students with LD. Being informed will help you support your child’s learning needs and advocate for his or her success.
Description: Disappointment is a normal, though difficult, part of growing up. Your child is likely to experience disappointment as she makes new friends, tries new things and experiences the ups and downs of her world. Whether it’s a trip to the park that is ruined by rain or missing a birthday party, life is full of little and big disappointments. When you allow your child to feel, experience and learn from little disappointments at an early age, you help her to create the skills she will need to...
Description: Frustration is a common emotion in young children and typically occurs as a child begins to discover the many things he would like to do, but simply cannot do yet. Frustration is a natural and healthy emotion and can provide a positive learning experience for a child. You can teach your child how to deal with frustration in a way that is useful for him. Most important, you must respond to frustration when it first arises before it changes into anger or becomes the dreaded temper tantrum. Two...
Description: Transitioning, or moving, to new places, people and activities is something we do many times during the day. However, change can be overwhelming and seem unpredictable for your child, especially when she is not ready to move on to the next place or activity. When and how often transitions occur are usually decided by an adult and children often act out with challenging behavior when they feel unable to control their routine. When you help your child prepare for transitions you are helping her to...
Description: Resources on AbilityPath.org provides a variety of resources for parents, teachers and professionals to help disable bullying, including "Parent Toolkits and Resources," "Teacher Toolkits and Resources,"Cyberbully Resources," and "Anti-Bullying Websites and Organizations."
Description: The Center for Early Childhood Mental Health Consultation was created through a grant from the Office of Head Start. The Center translates research in healthy mental development into materials tailored to the needs of each of the target audiences, and makes them available on this website. This site includes Best Practice Tutorials designed to enhance your skills and knowledge around how to implement effective mental health consultation in Head Start and Early Head Start (HS/EHS) programs.