National Organization on Fetal Alcohol Syndrome
Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD) is an umbrella term describing the range of effects that can occur in an individual who is exposed to alcohol during the nine month prenatal period before birth. These effects may include physical, mental, behavioral, and/or learning disabilities with possible lifelong implications. The term FASD is not intended for use as a clinical diagnosis.
Diagnostic terms under the FASD umbrella are:
- Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS)
- Partial Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (PFAS)
- Neurobehavioral Disorder Associated with Prenatal Alcohol Exposure (ND-PAE)
- Alcohol-Related Neurodevelopmental Disorder (ARND)