Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA)Skip to search results
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Description: This resource provides an Introduction to special education, Part 1: The Evaluation Process, Part II: Deciding Eligibility, Part III: Writing and Implementing an IEP, Part lV: Re-Evaluation and Part V: Resolving Disputes
Description: The IDEA’s disability terms and definitions guide how States in their own turn define disability and who is eligible for a free appropriate public education under special education law. Note, in order to fully meet the definition (and eligibility for special education and related services) as a “child with a disability,” a child’s educational performance must be adversely affected due to the disability.
Description: Cada año, millones de niños con discapacidades reciben servicios especiales diseñados de acuerdo a sus necesidades únicas bajo la ley federal conocida como el Acta para la Educación de Individuos con Discapacidades (“Individuals with Disabilities Education Act,” o IDEA).
Description: For many students with disabilities—and for many without—the key to success in the classroom lies in having appropriate adaptations, accommodations, and modifications made to the instruction and other classroom activities. This resource includes Part 1: A Quick Look at Terminology, Part 2: Different Types of Supports: Adapting Instruction, Related Services, Supplementary Aids and Services, Program Modifications or Supports for School Staff, and Accommodations in Large Assessments.
Description: The federal regulations for IDEA 2004 include a section (Subpart E) called Procedural Safeguards. These safeguards are designed to protect the rights of parents and their child with a disability and, at the same time, give families and school systems several mechanisms by which to resolve their disputes. (Spanish version is available.) (parent, parents)
Description: Special education is full of terms that people constantly use in writing and in conversation, and it’s important to know what those terms mean. NICHCY is pleased to provide this handy reference to special education terminology, and hopes it helps our readers quickly connect with the meaning of pivotal words and phrases in the field.
Description: Where will a student with a disability receive his or her special education and related services? IDEA requires placement in the least restrictive environment (LRE) for each child, a setting that is based on the child’s IEP. (parent, parents)
Description: The Tech Act is intended to promote people's awareness of, and access to, assistive technology (AT) devices and services. The Act seeks to provide AT to persons with disabilities, so they can more fully participate in education, employment, and daily activities on a level playing field with other members of their communities. The Act covers people with disabilities of all ages, all disabilities, in all environments (early intervention, K-12, post-secondary, vocational rehabilitation, community...
Description: Life is full of transitions, and one of the more remarkable ones occurs when we get ready to leave high school and go out in the world as young adults. When the student has a disability, it's especially helpful to plan ahead for that transition. In fact, IDEA requires it.
Description: IDEA es la ley federal que guia cómo los Estados, las agencias educacionales y las escuelas públicas ofrecen educación especial y servicios relacionados a nuestros niños con discapacidades que son elegibles para recibir esta ayuda especial. Es una ley muy poderosa e influencial, afectando positivamente la vida de millones de estudiantes y sus familias.
Description: Early intervention is full of terms that people constantly use in writing and in conversation, and it’s important to know what those terms mean. We are pleased to provide this handy reference to early intervention terminology, and hopes it helps our readers quickly connect with the meaning of pivotal words and phrases in the field.
Description: Una vez que el Equipo del IEP ha decidido qué servicios necesita su hijo (como descrito en la página Reuniones para Desarrollar el IEP), debe tomarse una decisión sobre dónde serán provistos los servicios. El lugar donde se lleva a cabo el IEP de su hijo es llamado la ubicación. Ud. como padre tiene el derecho de formar parte del grupo que decide la ubicación de su hijo.
Description: Los padres tienen el derecho de no estar de acuerdo con el sistema escolar, como hemos discutido en la página Derecho de No Estar de Acuerdo. El sistema escolar tiene el mismo derecho—el de no estar de acuerdo con ciertas decisiones o acciones de los padres en cuanto a la identificación, evaluación, o ubicación de su niño, o la provisión de una educación pública gratis y apropiada al niño. Pero, ¿cuáles opciones...
Description: La vida está llena de transiciones, y una de las más notables ocurre cuando los estudiantes se preparan para salir de la escuela secundaria y entrar al mundo como adultos jóvenes. Cuando el estudiante tiene una discapacidad, la planificación para el futuro es especialmente importante. De hecho, la ley IDEA lo requiere.
Description: Looking for information, resources, and technical assistance (TA) to help you and others support children with disabilities in their least restrictive environment in school? Here’s a starter list of places to look online. These will surely lead you to more. (Parent/family)
Description: NICHCY was funded for decades by the Office of Special Education Programs, at the U.S. Department of Education. The project’s funding ended on September 30, 2014. Much of the rich library of materials and publications that NICHCY produced over the years has a new home at the Center for Parent Information and Resources (CPIR).
Description: Cada Estado debe identificar, localizar y evaluar a todos los niños con discapacidades que necesitan educación especial y servicios relacionados. Esta página describe el proceso de obtener y participar en una evaluación gratuita de un niño sospechado de tener una discapacidad o retraso en el desarrollo.
Description: Sobre el Proceso de Educación Especial. Aquí puede ver brevemente cómo un estudiante es identificado como niño que tiene una discapacidad y necesita educación especial y servicios relacionados. Después de familiarizarse con el proceso básico de educación especial, puede usar los enlaces a final para aprender más acerca de aspectos específicos de lo que la ley IDEA requiere.
Description: This document contains the following sections: Overview, Public Perceptions of LD, LD in the Schools, LD Beyond School, Emerging Issues, Conclusions and Appendices.
Description: Autism NOW: The National Autism Resource and Information Center will be a dynamic and interactive, highly visible and effective central point of quality resources and information for individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) and other developmental disabilities, their families, and other targeted key stakeholders.
Description: Autism NOW Center’s fact sheets on topics of importance to people with autism spectrum disorders and other developmental disabilities are a resource you and your family members, as well as educators, employers, physicians and others, can use to get information in an easy-to-read and understand format. Topics include: Employment, Future Planning, Individualized Education Programs (IEPs), Relationships and Sexuality, Self-Advocacy and Social Security. (Spanish: Empleo, Planear el Futuro,...
Description: The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) is a federal law that addresses the education of children with disabilities. This publication includes information that explains the provisions related to, and benefits available to, children with disabilities who are enrolled by their parents in private schools.
Description: The Office of Special Education Programs (OSERS) issued this Q&A document to provide parents, parent training and information centers, school personnel, state educational agencies (SEAs), local educational agencies (LEAs), advocacy organizations, and other interested parties with information to facilitate appropriate implementation of the IDEA dispute resolution procedures, including mediation, state complaint procedures, and due process complaint and due process hearing procedures.
Description: Students with disabilities must have an equal chance to take part in sports, counseling, clubs, health services, student jobs, transportation, and other school activities. (National Parent Technical Assistance Center)
Description: English language learners with disabilities are a growing part of the K-12 school population in the U.S. The available knowledge on how to effectively educate these students, and measure their progress, is small but increasing. However, many educators and families have pressing questions. This Impact issue offers responses to some of those questions by people from around the country who are helping schools meet the needs of this growing student population.
Description: Esta guía para padres ha sido elaborada por el Ministerio de Educación de Virginia ("VDOE") a fin de ayudarles a entender sus derechos y obligaciones, los derechos de su hijo y las obligaciones de la escuela para satisfacer las necesidades especiales de su hijo. Esta guía incluye una descripción del proceso de educación especial y lo que se les exige a ustedes y a la escuela durante cada paso de ese proceso. En cada sección se destacan los plazos...
Description: "Your Family's Special Education Rights" identifies key parts of the “Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act of 2004” (IDEA), a federal law governing the education of students with disabilities. IDEA 2004 requires that families be informed of their special education rights, including how families and schools can resolve problems. This document is available in Arabic (PDF), Chinese (PDF), English (PDF), Urdu (PDF), Farsi (PDF), Korean (PDF), Spanish (PDF), and...
Description: While it is expected that parents and school personnel will work in partnership to ensure children with disabilities are provided appropriate services, there are times when the child’s parents and school officials cannot reach consensus on what constitutes a free appropriate public education (FAPE) for an individual child. When such disagreements occur, parents and school districts can turn to IDEA’s procedural safeguards and dispute resolution options.(parent, parents)
Description: A neutral, impartial, trained mediator may be sought voluntarily by parents and school staff to assist in their negotiations with each other. That assistance to convene and conduct a meeting to clarify issues, focus on the needs of a child, and to explore and evaluate possible solutions in a confidential setting is mediation.
Description: A complaint is generally an expression of some disagreement with a procedure or a process regarding special education programs, procedures or services. A formal complaint is considered a request that this division investigate an alleged violation of a right of a parent and/or child with disabilities who is eligible, or believed to be eligible, for certain services based on federal and state laws and regulations governing special education.
Description: The Office of Dispute Resolution and Administrative Services is charged with the responsibility of managing and monitoring a due process hearing system. We provide information to help individuals understand the steps for requesting and managing an impartial due process hearing. This information is not intended as legal advice or as an interpretation of the laws and regulations governing special education in Virginia. The information will, however, help in understanding the implementation of...
Description: The Center for Appropriate Dispute Resolution in Special Education (CADRE) works to increase the nation’s capacity to effectively resolve special education disputes, reducing the use of expensive adversarial processes. CADRE works with state and local education and early intervention systems, parent centers, families and educators to improve programs and results for children with disabilities. CADRE is funded by the Office of Special Education Programs at the US Department of Education to serve...
Description: When a child receives special education services under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA), he or she must have an Individualized Education Program (IEP). This is a written document listing, among other things, the special educational services that the child will receive. The IEP is developed by a team that includes the child's parents and school staff. (National Dissemination Center for Children with Disabilities- NICHCY)
Description: Evaluation is an essential beginning step in the special education process for a child with a disability. Before a child can receive special education and related services for the first time, a full and individual initial evaluation of the child must be conducted to see if the child has a disability and is eligible for special education. Informed parent consent must be obtained before this evaluation may be conducted.
Description: This NICHCY Disability Fact Sheet 13 contain: Julian’s story, Visual impairments in children, Types of visual impairment, Signs of a visual impairment, How common are visual impairments?, Understanding how children with VIs learn, The help available under IDEA, How IDEA defines visual impairment, Working with the medical community, Adapting the environment, Educational considerations, Tips for teachers, Tips for parents, and Resources or more info.
Description: This Parent Advocacy Brief will help you understand the changes brought about by the ADAAA, how they apply to Section 504, and how these changes may impact children with disabilities, including learning disabilities, as well as other conditions such as Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (AD/HD), Aspergers Syndrome, diabetes, asthma,and life-threatening food allergies.
Description: The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) is the key federal education law that serves students with LD. Being informed will help you support your child’s learning needs and advocate for his or her success.
Description: The Early Childhood Technical Assistance Center is funded by the Office of Special Education Programs to improve state early intervention and early childhood special education service systems, increase the implementation of effective practices, and enhance the outcomes of these programs for young children and their families.
Description: The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) is a law ensuring services to children with disabilities throughout the nation. IDEA governs how states and public agencies provide early intervention, special education and related services to more than 6.5 million eligible infants, toddlers, children and youth with disabilities.
Description: Texas Assistive Technology Network (TATN) is working to ensure that students with disabilities receive assistive technology devices and services when needed to benefit from a free, appropriate public education.
Description: The mission of GPAT is to improve student achievement, productivity, independence and inclusion by enhancing educator knowledge of assistive technology and increasing student access to appropriate assistive technology devices and services.
Description: The Glossary includes over 200 education- and disability-related terms translated from English to Spanish to ensure that educational terms related to IDEA are translated in a uniform and comprehensible way. (With proper citation, the Glossary can be reproduced in whole or part.)
Description: A 20-minute video featuring Alexa Posny, Assistant Secretary of the U.S. Department of Education's Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services (OSERS), highlights some of the major changes to the regulations. These final regulations will help improve services and outcomes for America's infants and toddlers with disabilities and their families.
Description: This site was created to provide a "one-stop shop" for resources related to Part C of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) and its implementing regulations, announced on September 6, 2011.
Description: El Manual de 100 Días de Autism Speaks fue diseñado exclusivamente para familias que han sido recientemente evaluadas. family/parent/parents, General Autism)
Description: The Autism Speaks 100 Day Kit for Newly Diagnosed Families of Young Children was created specifically for families of children ages 4 and under to make the best possible use of the 100 days following their child's diagnosis of autism.
Description: The purpose of this brief (from the National Center on Accessible Instructional Materials) is to help families and educators understand the right of all students with disabilities who need accessible instructional materials to receive these materials in a timely manner. This right is based on provisions in the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) as well as in the disability civil rights statutes Section 504 and Title II of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA).
Description: This is a resource, for state legislators, teachers, parents, or others interested in education, that defines and clarifies the definitions of acronyms routinely found in legislative and policy discussions. (parent)
Description: Virginia’s PRCs are committed to facilitating positive parent-school relationships for the benefit of students. PRCs assist parents with questions, problem solving and planning, and provide resources, information and training sessions.
Description: The Secretary issues final regulations governing the Early Intervention Program for Infants and Toddlers with Disabilities. These regulations are needed to reflect changes made to the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, as amended by the Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act of 2004 (Act or IDEA). These regulations are effective on October 28, 2011.