General Disability Information
This page provides information and resources to help you more fully understand the characteristics of specific disabilities.Skip to search results
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Description: One thing that is important to know up front: There is no cure for autism. So, products or treatments claiming to “cure” autism do not work as claimed. The same is true of many products claiming to “treat” autism. Some may carry significant health risks. The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) plays an important role in warning these companies against making false or misleading claims.
Description: If you have a family member, child or adult, with Autism Spectrum Disorder and you’ve been longing for a Family Vacation, then you’ve arrived at the right place.
Description: The National Autism Association is a parent-run 501(c)3 nonprofit organization. Founded in 2003, NAA is a parent-run advocacy organization and the leading voice on urgent issues related to severe autism, regressive autism, autism safety, autism abuse, and crisis prevention.
Description: Family Voices is a national, nonprofit, family-led organization promoting quality health care for all children and youth, particularly those with special health care needs. Working with family leaders and professional partners at the local, state, regional, and national levels since 1992, Family Voices has brought a respected family perspective to improving health care programs and policies and ensuring that health care systems include, listen to, and honor the voices of families.
Description: In over 30 years of clinical practice, Drs. Peg Dawson and Richard Guare have worked with thousands of children who struggle at home and in school. At the center of their struggles are weak executive skills, and through our writing and now this website, we spotlight these skills that are critical for school and life success.
Description: The BrainLine team sorted through many resources to compile this list of apps for mobile devices for people with a brain injury, their families and caregivers.
Description: The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) has adopted new rules requiring text messaging providers to allow Americans to send a text to 911 to get help during an emergency. The rules ensure that all wireless carriers and text application providers are prepared to support text-to-911 by the end of 2014. Text-to-911 can provide a lifesaving alternative for people who are deaf, hard of hearing, or who have a speech disability.
Description: The VCU Model System of care provides comprehensive, coordinated inpatient and outpatient care for persons with traumatic brain injury (TBI). The system includes emergency medical services; early intensive and acute medical care; comprehensive rehabilitation services; and long-term rehabilitation follow up. The VCU program also carries out scientific research. Our research programs focus on improving care and quality of life for people with brain injury and their families.
Description: A team of engineers, researchers and creative experts at Google has awarded Shepherd Center and the Wireless RERC a $15,000 Google Glass Accessibility grant to develop an application that will assist people who have memory impairment because of a brain injury.
Description: People First Language is an objective and respectful way to speak about people with disabilities by emphasizing the person first, rather than the disability. It acknowledges what a person has, and recognizes that a person is not the disability. In putting the person before the disability, People First Language highlights a person's value, individuality and capabilities. (Texas Council for Developmental Disabilities)
Description: Disability Scoop is the nation’s premier source for developmental disability news. With daily coverage of autism, intellectual disability, cerebral palsy, Down syndrome and more, it offers timely and comprehensive information about issues that matter to the developmental disability community.
Description: Module 6 is a great way to learn about and train others on these two new elements in IDEA. Early Intervening Services (EIS) are for K-12 students with academic or behavioral difficulties who are not yet identified as having a disability. Response to Intervention (RTI) is a new approach to identifying whether a student has a specific learning disability.
Description: Are you looking for information on a health condition or perhaps trying to find health services? There are lots of medical sites out there that explain conditions in terms you don’t need to be a doctor to understand. And there are sites that can help you locate healthcare services in your community.
Description: Down syndrome is the most common and readily identifiable chromosomal condition associated with intellectual disabilities. It is caused by a chromosomal abnormality: for some unknown reason, an accident in cell development results in 47 instead of the usual 46 chromosomes. This extra chromosome changes the orderly development of the body and brain. In most cases, the diagnosis of Down syndrome is made according to results from a chromosome test administered shortly after birth. Just as in the...
Description: If you’re looking for information about disabilities in infants, toddlers, children, and youth with disabilities, you’ve come to the right place! The Center for Parent Information and Resources (CPIR) offers information and connections to the full spectrum of disabilities in children, including developmental delays and rare disorders. Use the links below to learn about typical developmental milestones in childhood, specific disabilities and disorders, and the...
Description: Welcome to the alphabet soup of special education! The disability community is full of acronyms that people constantly use in writing and in conversation, and it’s important to know what those acronyms stand for. Acronyms are used in order to abbreviate names or phrases. The CPIR is pleased to provide this list of special education and disability-related acronyms, and hope it helps our readers quickly connect with the meaning of pivotal acronyms in the field.
Description: Our goal in education must be to create a rich educational setting for all children. Special Education was originally designed as a "resource" to educational programs, not as a separate placement. Research indicates that removing children from their typical peers, undermines their capacity to learn the skills that will enable them to belong. Statistics from the CDC show a dramatic rise in Autism; therefore we must prepare our inclusive classrooms to create the educational setting to address the...
Description: Use this checklist to monitor students who come to your office with a head injury. Students should be monitored for a minimum of 30 minutes. Check for signs or symptoms when the student first arrives at your office, fifteen minutes later, and at the end of 30 minutes. Students who experience one or more of the signs or symptoms of concussion after a bump, blow, or jolt to the head should be referred to a health care professional with experience in evaluating for concussion. For those instances...
Description: The Nursing Forms section includes the following: Concussion - Management Flow Chart.docx Concussion - CDC Concussion Checklist (CMT-1) Concussion - Student Concussion Symptom Monitoring Tool (CMT-2) Teacher Notification of Concussion (CMT-3) Concussion - Student Concussion Academic Monitoring Tool (CMT-4) CMT Recommendations for Ongoing Symptoms (CMT-5) Concussion - Symptoms and Accomodations (CMT-6) Concussion - Report to Teachers.docx
Description: Contiene preguntas que los consumidores pueden hacerse para ayudarles a decidir si se debe buscar ayuda para un problema de abuso de drogas, de salud mental, o ambas cosas. Urge a los que respondieron "sí" a cualquiera de las preguntas, que busquen ayuda y contiene una lista de recursos dónde pueden obtener más información. (SAMHSA- Substance Abuse & Mental Health Services Administration)
Description: Lists questions consumers can ask themselves to help them decide whether to seek help for a substance abuse problem, a mental health issue, or both. Urges those who answered "yes" to any of the questions to seek help and lists resources for more information.(SAMHSA- Substance Abuse & Mental Health Services Administration)
Description: Supports the national dialogue to build awareness of mental health problems in communities. Presents data and other facts about mental illness in the U.S. to help educate and inform communities and start a conversation about mental illness. (The Information Graphic Reference List is located at http://store.samhsa.gov/shin/content/SMA13-4725/SMA13-4725_Reference.pdf.) (SAMHSA- Substance Abuse & Mental Health Services Administration)
Description: Apoya el diálogo nacional para crear conciencia acerca de los problemas de salud mental en las comunidades. Presenta datos y otra información sobre la enfermedad mental en los Estados Unidos para ayudar a educar e informar a las comunidades e iniciar un diálogo acerca de la enfermedad mental. (Información gráfica- Lista de referencia- http://store.samhsa.gov/shin/content//SMA13-4725SPAN/InformationGraphicReferenceListSpanish.pdf) (SAMHSA- Substance Abuse & Mental Health Services Administration)
Description: Proporciona a las comunidades, incluyendo a los consumidores y facilitadores, con datos relativos a la salud mental como, por ejemplo, la prevención e identificación temprana de las enfermedades mentales, el acceso a tratamiento, las respuestas a las crisis, y los apoyos para la recuperación. (SAMHSA- Substance Abuse & Mental Health Services Administration)
Description: Provides data and other facts helpful in creating conversations about mental health that break down misperceptions, and promote recovery and healthy communities. Discusses early identification, access to treatment, crisis response, and recovery supports. (SAMHSA- Substance Abuse & Mental Health Services Administration)
Description: This guide will help people with disabilities and their families and caregivers prepare for emergencies. It also includes information about resources and organizations that can help individuals impacted by disasters in the recovery process.
Description: This article is available in TTAC Telegram Vol. XVI Issue: 2 Nov/Dec 2011 on pages 17-19.
Description: It’s important to know what to expect as your baby grows, because hearing problems can delay the development of voice, speech, and language skills. The checklist below presents the average age by which most babies accomplish a variety of early speech and language skills. Typically, a child may not accomplish all the items in an age category until he or she reaches the upper age in the age range. (National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders, NIDCD)
Description: Es importante saber qué esperar durante el desarrollo del bebé porque los problemas de audición pueden demorar el desarrollo de las habilidades de la voz, el habla y el lenguaje. La siguiente lista presenta la edad promedio en que la mayoría de los bebés manifiestan las primeras destrezas del habla y lenguaje. Por lo general, el niño no poseerá todas las habilidades mencionadas en cada etapa hasta que cumpla la mayoría de edad de cada una...
Description: If your child has been diagnosed with a learning disability, there are many things you can do to support him. Here are 10 ideas to get you started!
Description: Si su hijo tiene problema en el aprendizaje, hay muchas cosas que Ud. puede hacer. Ofrecemos diez sugerencias para empezar.
Description: The first 3 years of life, when the brain is developing and maturing, is the most intensive period for acquiring speech and language skills. These skills develop best in a world that is rich with sounds, sights, and consistent exposure to the speech and language of others. There appear to be critical periods for speech and language development in infants and young children when the brain is best able to absorb language. If these critical periods are allowed to pass without exposure to language,...
Description: El habla y el idioma son las herramientas que los seres humanos usan para comunicar o intercambiar pensamientos, ideas y emociones. El idioma es el conjunto de reglas, compartido por los individuos que se están comunicando, que les permite intercambiar esos pensamientos, ideas o emociones. El habla es la conversación, una de las formas de expresar el idioma. El idioma también puede expresarse mediante la escritura, el lenguaje a señas o los gestos, en el caso de las...
Description: The development of communication skills begins in infancy, before the emergence of the first word. Any speech or language problem is likely to have a significant effect on the child's social and academic skills and behavior. The earlier a child's speech and language problems are identified and treated, the less likely it is that problems will persist or get worse. Early speech and language intervention can help children be more successful with reading, writing, schoolwork, and interpersonal...
Description: El desarrollo de las destrezas de comunicación comienza en la infancia, antes de hablar la primera palabra. Todo problema de habla o de lenguaje puede tener un efecto significativo en los comportamientos y destrezas sociales y académicos. Mientras antes se identifique y se trate los problemas de habla y lenguaje del niño, menor probabilidad habrá de que estos problemas persistan o empeoren. La intervención oportuna cuando se trata de trastornos del habla y el lenguaje puede ayudar a los niños a...
Description: Vision loss means that a person’s eyesight is not correctedto a “normal” level. Vision loss can vary greatly among children and can be caused by many things. (English and Spanish versions are on this fact sheet.)
Description: Spina bifida is one of the most common birth defects in the United States, affecting some 1,5physic00 babies each year. 2 Spina bifida happens during the first month or so of pregnancy and means that the baby’s spine did not close completely. Damage to the nerves and the spinal cord may result.
Description: This is a visual lecture called Concussions 101. The symptoms of a concussion can be tough to recognize, for kids in particular. Watch this video to learn the basics you need to know to make sure you take care of that awesome brain of yours, as much as you take care of the rest of your body.
Description: Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a group of developmental disabilities that can cause significant social, communication and behavioral challenges. CDC is committed to continuing to provide essential data on ASD, search for factors that put children at risk for ASD and possible causes, and develop resources that help identify children with ASD as early as possible.
Description: Los trastornos del espectro autista (TEA) son un grupo de discapacidades del desarrollo que pueden conllevar problemas significativos de tipo social, comunicativo y conductual. Los CDC calculan que 1 de cada 88 niños ha sido identificado con un trastorno del espectro autista (TEA). Los CDC realizan estudios para determinar cuántos niños tienen TEA, descubrir los factores de riesgo y aumentar el conocimiento sobre los signos de estos trastornos.
Description: Hearing loss can affect a child’s ability to develop communication, language, and social skills. The earlier children with hearing loss start getting services, the more likely they are to reach their full potential. If you are a parent and you suspect your child has hearing loss, trust your instincts and speak with your child’s doctor. Don’t wait!
Description: La pérdida auditiva puede afectar la capacidad del niño para desarrollar sus destrezas de comunicación, lenguaje y socialización. Cuanto más temprano se administren servicios a un niño con pérdida auditiva, mayor será la probabilidad de que alcance todo su potencial. Si usted es padre de familia y cree que su hijo tiene pérdida auditiva, siga sus instintos y hable con
Description: A developmental delay is when your child does not reach these milestones at the same time as other children the same age. If your child is not developing properly, there are things you can do that may help. Most of the time, a developmental problem is not something your child will “grow out of” on his or her own. But with help, your child could reach his or her full potential! English and Spanish versions are on the same document.
Description: Deciding if a child has ADHD is a several-step process. There is no single test to diagnose ADHD, and many other problems, like anxiety, depression, and certain types of learning disabilities, can have similar symptoms.
Description: The term multiple disabilities is general and broad. From the term, you can’t tell: how many disabilities a child has; which disabilities are involved; or how severe each disability is. Many combinations of disabilities are possible. For example, one child with multiple disabilities may have an intellectual disability and deafness. Another child may have cerebral palsy and autism.
Description: Has a child’s disability recently touched your life? Are you visiting our website today looking for information about that disability? Would you like to find organizations and people that can help address the disability-related questions and concerns you may have? We’re very pleased you’re here, because the CPIR has a great deal of information about disabilities to share. We hope this page will: give you a quick roadmap to the disability world of help that’s available in...
Description: These resources were compiled by the Parent Educational Advocacy Training Center (PEATC).
Description: Educación Especial Nacional y Estatal
Description: This guide addresses home and community-based services for people with disabilities. The Guide was prepared by the Endependence Center, Norfolk, VA.
Description: Gilles de la Tourette syndrome (Tourette Syndrome or TS) is a neurological disorder which becomes evident in early childhood or adolescence. The first symptoms usually are involuntary movements (tics) of the face, arms, limbs or trunk. These tics are frequent, repetitive and rapid. The most common first symptom is a facial tic (eye blink, nose twitch, grimace), and is replaced or added to by other tics of the neck, trunk, and limbs. (National Organization)