Special Education Process
Is your child Eligible for Special Education Services? When parents or educators notice that a child might need additional support, they can refer the child for possible eligibility for special education. This page offers specific resources to help you through the beginning steps of the Special Education Process.
- Referral ⁄ Evaluation ⁄ Eligibility
- Individualized Education Program ⁄ Individual Family Service Plan - The Individualized Education Program (IEP) describes the special education and related services designed to meet the unique needs of a child with disabilities. Parents, school personnel, and often the student receiving special education services develop the IEP jointly. This page provides resources to help develop an effective and appropriate IEP.
- Instruction & Monitoring - Once a student has an IEP, instruction can begin. This page provides information and resources to help you monitor your child's instruction and progress to ensure that the instructional plans outlined in the IEP are followed.
You may also want to visit the FAQ about Special Education.
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Description: These resources include: Learning Inventory Elementary-New!, Learning Inventory Secondary- New!, Instructional Design Tool, IEP At A Glance, Student Profile, Assessing My Mutiple Intelligences, How Am I Smart?, See How Smart I Am Graphing Chart, Checklist of Self-Management Skills, Four Corners, Conversation Circles, Graffiti Facts, Area Of Difficulty Checklist, Differentiated Instruction Self-Assessment, Flexible Grouping Forms, Web 2.0 Keys, Jog the Web: Web 2.0 Tools, Strategy: Wordsplash,...
Description: A new school year means a new grade, new teachers, new goals, and maybe even a new school! In order to help you and your child with special needs be as successful as you can be, we've put together a list of eight helpful back-to-school tips that we hope will make the transition into a new school year a little easier for you and your child.
Description: This publication is from the Los Angeles Unified School District (LAUSD) Division of Special Education. It includes "My Records Notebook, Preparing for an IEP Meeting, Participating in an IEP Meeting, About My Child, Agency, School & Medical Contact Information, Appendix A: Glossary, and Appendix B: Acronyms. Note: Some of the terms in the glossary and some of the acromyns are not used in Virginia.
Description: This guide was developed to give you information on how the Individualized Education Program (IEP) meeting works so you can participate in making informed decisions about your child’s educational program.1 The guide gives suggestions on what you can do to prepare for the meeting, and information about what happens during the meeting, including the development of the IEP document. It also tells you what happens after the IEP meeting and lists resources and definitions of special education...
Description: "Student Involvement in the IEP" features two evidence based strategies to involve students in the IEP process. This fact sheet was developed as a collaborative effort between the Division on Career Development and Transition (DCDT) and the National Secondary Transition Technical Assistance Center (NSTTAC).
Description: Module 1 welcomes everyone to Part C of IDEA—the early intervention program for infants and toddlers with disabilities.
Description: Early intervention services are designed to address the developmental needs of eligible infants and toddlers with disabilities, ages birth to the third birthday, and their families. Early intervention is authorized by Part C of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA).
Description: If you’re concerned about the development of an infant or toddler, or you suspect that a little one has a disability, this page will summarize one terrific source of help—the early intervention system in your state. Early intervention services can help infants and toddlers with disabilities or delays to learn many key skills and catch up in their development.
Description: El nacimiento de un niño es un evento lleno de emociones que le cambiará la vida por completo. Un nuevo bebé hermoso llega a su hogar, familia, y comunidad. Es un tiempo para celebrar. Sus familiares conocen al niño y se preguntan: ¿Va a ser un futbolista, será una famosa cantante, va a descubrir la cura para el cáncer, o se convertirá en el presidente de los Estados Unidos?
Description: This article describes how the IEP meeting is scheduled, who comes, and the factors team members must consider when writing an IEP.
Description: Si Ud. tiene o conoce un niño entre las edades de 3 a 21, y tiene preocupaciones acerca de su desarrollo, bienestar emocional, conducta, aprendizaje o discapacidad, esta página le ayudará a familiarizarse con los sistemas de apoyo para niños con discapacidades en los Estados Unidos.
Description: The education of children with disabilities is a top national priority. Our nation’s special education law, the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA), sets high standards for their achievement and guides how special help and services are made available in schools to address their individual needs.
Description: The Office of Special Education Programs (OSEP) at the U.S. Department of Education regularly provides guidance to the field on the nation’s special education law, the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA).
Description: There are times when parents and schools simply do not agree on some issue affecting a child’s education. They may try informal approaches to resolving the conflict, such as reviewing and revising the child’s IEP or holding a facilitated IEP meeting (an approach emerging in the field). When these don’t result in agreement on what represents an appropriate education for a child, the law (IDEA) provides several approaches that parents and schools can use to help resolve the...
Description: Los padres tienen el derecho de no estar de acuerdo con el sistema escolar. El sistema escolar tiene el mismo derecho—el de no estar de acuerdo con ciertas decisiones o acciones de los padres en cuanto a la identificación, evaluación, o ubicación de su niño, o la provisión de una educación pública gratis y apropiada al niño. (IEP, Dispute Resolution)
Description: Nos complacemos en facilitar su acceso rápido a nuestra información en español a través de esta lista alfabética organizada por Tema de Discapacidad.
Description: Las regulaciones de IDEA incluyen una sección (Subparte E) llamada “Garantías Procesales.” Estas defensas están diseñadas para proteger los derechos de los padres y su niño con discapacidad, al igual que para dar a las familias y agencias públicas (las escuelas) varios mecanismos para resolver sus disputas.
Description: The Center for Parent Information and Resources (CPIR) offers information and connections to the full spectrum of disabilities in children, including developmental delays and rare disorders. Learn about typical developmental milestones in childhood, specific disabilities and disorders, and the disability categories in our nation’s special education law (IDEA) that qualify a child for special education services.
Description: Since the 1960s, there has been a virtual avalanche of federal legislation that relates directly or indirectly to individuals with disabilities, particularly children and youth. These form the core of current protection against discrimination and current guarantees of equal educational opportunity that individuals with disabilities have in our nation.
Description: As a child care provider or preschool teacher, you may even be among the first to notice a child’s difficulties or special needs. That’s why, quite often, child care providers and preschool teachers play a key role in recognizing that a child may need special help and in connecting families with the systems of that help that address children’s developmental and disability-related needs.
Description: Welcome to NICHCY’s training curriculum on IDEA 2004's Part C (early intervention)! There are 14 Modules
Description: The disability community is full of acronyms that people constantly use in writing and in conversation, and it’s important to know what those acronyms stand for. Acronyms are used in order to abbreviate names or phrases. The CPIR is pleased to provide this list of special education and disability-related acronyms, and hope it helps our readers quickly connect with the meaning of pivotal acronyms in the field.
Description: A critical part of improving developmental and educational results for children with disabilities is using effective practices in early intervention, wherever services are being provided—an agency setting, the home, and across the child’s natural environment.
Description: The Nursing Forms section includes the following: Concussion - Management Flow Chart.docx Concussion - CDC Concussion Checklist (CMT-1) Concussion - Student Concussion Symptom Monitoring Tool (CMT-2) Teacher Notification of Concussion (CMT-3) Concussion - Student Concussion Academic Monitoring Tool (CMT-4) CMT Recommendations for Ongoing Symptoms (CMT-5) Concussion - Symptoms and Accomodations (CMT-6) Concussion - Report to Teachers.docx
Description: This guidance document is intended to assist local education agency (LEA) personnel as they work to address the needs of their students who have been identified as, or are suspected to be, students with disabilities in Virginia. (Virginia Department of Education, VDOE, Office of Dispute Resolution and Administrative Services)
Description: El habla y el idioma son las herramientas que los seres humanos usan para comunicar o intercambiar pensamientos, ideas y emociones. El idioma es el conjunto de reglas, compartido por los individuos que se están comunicando, que les permite intercambiar esos pensamientos, ideas o emociones. El habla es la conversación, una de las formas de expresar el idioma. El idioma también puede expresarse mediante la escritura, el lenguaje a señas o los gestos, en el caso de las...
Description: Un Puente Hacia el Futuro, Conocimiento de las Opciones de Transición para Elegir el Tipo de Graduación de Acuerdo a las Habilidades This is a resource guide for families and youth with disabilities in New Mexico. Although the graduation process and state resources are different, there are sections that could be useful for transition planning in Virginia.
Description: IDEA es la ley federal que autoriza educación especial para niños con discapacidades en los Estados Unidos. También autoriza los servicios de intervención temprana que los Estados proporcionan a nuestros infantes y niños pequeños con discapacidades hasta su tercer cumpleaños. IDEA es la sigla del nombre de la ley en inglés: Individuals with Disabilities Education Act. En español se dice La Ley para la Educación de los Individuos con Discapacidades.
Description: Having multiple disabilities means that a person has more than one disability.
Description: Has a child’s disability recently touched your life? Are you visiting our website today looking for information about that disability? Would you like to find organizations and people that can help address the disability-related questions and concerns you may have?
Description: This is a resource guide for families and youth with disabilities in New Mexico. Although the graduation process and state resources are different, there are sections that could be useful for transition planning in Virginia.
Description: IDEA was originally enacted by Congress in 1975 to ensure that children with disabilities have the opportunity to receive a free appropriate public education, just like other children. The law has been revised many times over the years. Spanish version is available. (NICHCY= National Dissemination Center for Children with Disabilities) (parent, parents)
Description: This guidebook presents what you need to know before your child's third birthday. It was developed in Minnesota and is based on federal and state guidelines, but may contain some information that differs from the transition process from Part C to Part B in Virginia.
Description: Guía Informativa de Niñez Temprana en Transición, Lo que usted necesita saber antes del tercer cumpleaños de su niño. It was developed in Minnesota and is based on federal and state guidelines, but may contain some information that differs from the transition process from Part C to Part B in Virginia.
Description: The Infant & Toddler Connection of Virginia includes rights and safeguards to protect parents and children. Parents must be informed about these rights and safeguards in the Infant & Toddler Connection of Virginia so that they can have a leadership role in the services provided to their family. Notice of Child and Family Rights and Safeguards is an official notice of the rights and safeguards of children and families as defined under federal Part C regulations of the Individuals with...
Description: La Ley para la educación de los individuos con discapacidades (IDEA, Individuals with Disabilities Education Act) es una ley federal que establece la prestación de servicios de intervención temprana para los be bés y niños pequeños (de 0 a 36 meses) con scapacidades y sus familias. Estas disposiciones conforman la Parte C de la IDEA y se articulan en reglamentaciones federale (34 CFR Parte 303) y en el derecho estatal (Código del Estado de...
Description: These resources were compiled by the Parent Educational Advocacy Training Center (PEATC).
Description: Educación Especial Nacional y Estatal
Description: Este libro está escrito para ayudar a las familias a entender el sistema de intervención temprana, así como los derechos y las salvaguardas (o protección) que existen para garantizar que las familias participen en las decisiones que se tomen con relación a los servicios de intervención temprana de sus hijos.
Description: This document was written to help families understand the early intervention system and the rights and safeguards (or protections) that have been put in place to ensure that families are involved in decisions that are being made concerning their child’s early intervention services.
Description: This notebook provides an overview of the transition process from early intervention to school or community based settings. (Designed by New Path, The Support Network for Families in Early Intervention, a program of The ARC of Virginia)
Description: When a child is having trouble in school, it’s important to find out why. The child may have a disability. By law, schools must provide special help to eligible children with disabilities. This help is called special education and related services. (NICHCY is the National Dissemination Center for Children with Disabilities)
Description: This resource provides an Introduction to special education, Part 1: The Evaluation Process, Part II: Deciding Eligibility, Part III: Writing and Implementing an IEP, Part lV: Re-Evaluation and Part V: Resolving Disputes
Description: PREGUNTAS COMUNES DE LOS PADRES SOBRE LA EDUCACIÓN ESPECIAL Parte 1: La Evaluación de Su Niño, Parte 2: Determinando la Elegibilidad de Su Niño, Parte 3: Escribiendo el IEP de Su Niño, Parte 4: La Re-Evaluación de Su Niño, Parte 5: Resolviendo Disputas
Description: The IDEA’s disability terms and definitions guide how States in their own turn define disability and who is eligible for a free appropriate public education under special education law. Note, in order to fully meet the definition (and eligibility for special education and related services) as a “child with a disability,” a child’s educational performance must be adversely affected due to the disability.
Description: CPIR (Center for Parent Information and Resources) offers a suite of resource pages that can help you find answers and people who can help–specifically, through the early intervention system that’s available in every state. Early intervention is an effective way to help very young children (birth to the third birthday) catch up or address specific developmental concerns as soon as possible in their lives.
Description: For many students with disabilities—and for many without—the key to success in the classroom lies in having appropriate adaptations, accommodations, and modifications made to the instruction and other classroom activities. This resource includes Part 1: A Quick Look at Terminology, Part 2: Different Types of Supports: Adapting Instruction, Related Services, Supplementary Aids and Services, Program Modifications or Supports for School Staff, and Accommodations in Large Assessments.
Description: The federal regulations for IDEA 2004 include a section (Subpart E) called Procedural Safeguards. These safeguards are designed to protect the rights of parents and their child with a disability and, at the same time, give families and school systems several mechanisms by which to resolve their disputes. (Spanish version is available.) (parent, parents)
Description: Special education is full of terms that people constantly use in writing and in conversation, and it’s important to know what those terms mean. NICHCY is pleased to provide this handy reference to special education terminology, and hopes it helps our readers quickly connect with the meaning of pivotal words and phrases in the field.
Description: Where will a student with a disability receive his or her special education and related services? IDEA requires placement in the least restrictive environment (LRE) for each child, a setting that is based on the child’s IEP. (parent, parents)